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For example the impacts of funding a massive new

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Unformatted text preview: nfluencing the impacts of transportation funding decisions. For example, the impacts of funding a massive new highway through the countryside are very different than the impacts of extending and upgrading a network of smaller streets in an existing community. Another significant feature of infrastructure funding decisions is the degree of connectivity a project provides to other transportation facilities. Funding a system of cul-de-sac streets that funnels all drivers in a suburban residential area onto a large collector road to go to work or to a store, for example, is likely to result in longer driving distances, more traffic congestion and less walking or bicycling than funding a connected grid of streets that provides alternative routes for drivers to reach any particular destination and more direct routes for pedestrians and cyclists. 9|Page Mass Transit Affirmative BDL Urban Sprawl Add-on [____] Urban sprawl destroys the environment and causes a variety of soc ial ills Leonardo R. Grabkowski, reporter for the San Francisco Chronicle, 2012 (San Francisco Chronicle, “Negative Effects of Urban Sprawl”, http://homeguides.sfgate.com/negative-effects-urban-sprawl-1716.html) Spreading out development creates water distribution problems and can lead to water overconsumption. A typical low -density or suburban community uses more water than a high-density city community. Landscaping is the primary culprit for this excessive use of water. According to the EPA, 30 percent of the water used daily in the United States is devoted to outdoor use. Loss of Wildlife Habitat The San Francisco Bay Area, with over 400,000 acres of natural landscape, is one of the nation’s six hotspots for biological diversity, according to the Center for Biological Diversity. The region has a wide variety of plant and animal species; unfortunately, 90 of them, including the California tiger salamander, are listed as endangered or threatened. Rapid development can negatively affect wildlife by tearing down, clearing, or building over its habitat, potentially threatening survival. This is not only a problem in the San Francisco Bay Area; it’s a problem in all of America. Increased Racial and Economic Disparity When residents relocate outside of a city’s core, they take their tax dollars with them. Often, it’s the city’s poorest residents that are left behind. This creates economic disparity and stratification based upon location. It also creates funding problems for the core, which directly affects the money available for education, crime prevention, and maintenance and upkeep. Urban sprawl can also lead to economic “white flight.” According to “Urban Sprawl: A Reference Guide,” urban sprawl leads to racial segregation as minorities are often left behind in the poorest parts of a region. This problem may not be as widespread as it has been in the past, but it's present nonetheless. Increased Risk of Obesity People living in suburban areas are more likely to be obese than people living in urban areas, acco...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.

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