Varsity-Packet-Final

However this time the problem will not be so easy to

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Unformatted text preview: osts for alternative transportation of grain. "If you increase the transportation cost from Iowa to the Gulf you affect the price of all the grain produced in the region-not just that flowing on the river," Meyer said. "When you shut off the river you push down prices in Iowa for corn and push prices up at the Gulf." "Lower prices in Iowa will increase demand and some producers will store, anticipating that the river will reopen," Meyer said. Time is another factor in considering the economic impact of lock failure. Shipping on the Mississippi River is much more seasonal than on the Illinois River. "Fall would be a bad time for agricultural commodities if a lock failed," Meyer noted. 15 | P a g e Inland Waterways Affirmative BDL Harms – Infrastructure Key to Agricultural Exports [___] [___] Inland waterway infrastructure is critical to agricultural exports Kruse et al., Director at the Center for Ports and waterways, 2011 (“America’s Locks & Dams: “A Ticking Time Bomb for Agriculture?”, www.unitedsoybean.org/wp content/uploads/Americas_Locks_And_Dams.pdf) Agriculture accounted for 22% of all transported tonnage and 31% of all ton -miles in the United States in 2007.1 The surface transportation system in the U.S. is central to agriculture’s ability to compete in domestic and world markets. The rapidly deteriorating condition of the nation’s lock and dam infrastructure imperils the ability of the waterborne transportation system to provide a service that will enable U.S. agricultural producers to continue to compete. Should a catastrophic failure of lock and dam infrastructure occur, agricultural producers—and consequently the American consumer—will suffer severe economic distress. This research analyzes data and evaluates information that will illustrate this vulnerability at a micro level rather than the traditional m acro level. The task of transporting agricultural commodities from the farm to first handlers and processors and ultimately to domestic and international retail markets and ports requires a highly developed, integrated transportation network, of which marine transportation is a vital component. A high percentage of these commodities pass through one or more locks on their way to market. Should a waterway be closed due to one or more lock failures, the resultant increase in cost that would be incurred in utilizing truck or rail transportation would decrease or even eliminate the cost advantage of U.S. Midwestern producers. This would be especially detrimental to export shipments. From 2005 through 2009, 87–91% of corn exported through lower Mississippi ports arrived at the ports via barge; for soybeans, the percentage was 87 –89%.2 16 | P a g e Inland Waterways Affirmative BDL Answers to: No Impact to Food Shocks [___] [___] Food shortages cause devastating global effects George Plumb, Environmental Activist, 2008 (“Was Malthus just off a few decades?” 5/18, http://www.timesargus.com/app...
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