In such areas the two categories of problem overlap

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Unformatted text preview: ed by public transport. In such areas, the two categories of problem overlap: mobility (especially motorized transport) becomes a risk, contributing to the deterioration of living conditions; and the lack of mobility facilities prevents people from participating in society, limits access to education, the labour market etc. Poverty and deprivation structures are thus mutually reinforced, also from a socio spatial point of view. And reliance on cars locks in a system of dependence and directly causes many deaths every year John Bly, Senior Project Manager at Honeywell, 2011 (May,,%20John%20%20Spring%20'11.pdf?sequence=1) Through ideological, social, political and physical means, the automobile has hijacked what it means to be mobile, as well as the very possibility of achieved mobility. This paper explores the various ways in which cars have created and continue to reinforce a system in America that is almost completely reliant on them. This system externalizes its costs onto the environment and victims of ‘auto accidents,’ suppresses safer and more democratic means of mobility, demands continual supplies of foreign oil, claims valuable agricultural and urban land as well as time, and kills more non-participating bystanders every year than the number of people that died in the attack on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. After exposing the costs of the system and the mechanisms of its reproduction, I conclude with a few ideas on how to move beyond the automobile. In order to address these harms we offer the following plan: The United States federal government should substantially increase its investment in urban mass transit transportation infrastructure. 7|Page Mass Transit Affirmative BDL 1AC 5/5 Contention 3 – Solvency Increasing investment in mass transit is crucial to decrease social inequality and cr eate movements for change Eric Mann et al, members of the Labor/Community Strategy Center, 2006 (Eric Mann, Kikanza Ramsey, Barbara Lott-Holland, and Geoff Ray, “An Environmental Justice Strategy for Urban Transportation”. 1%20Eric%20Mann.pdf) Mass Transit: The Heart of the New Revolution Transportation is a great multifaceted issue around which to build a movement, because it touches so many aspects of people’s lives. Transportation affects public health, access to jobs, childcare, housing, medical care, education, and more. It is inextricably tied to the history of the civil rights movement now and in the past. Now it has taken on a life and death urgency because of the public health crisis and global warming brought on by the automobile. Public transportation can be a great unifier—bringing together people of all races and classes who seek a saner, healthier world in which wars for oil and energy are exposed and opposed. And change in federal funding is the crucial issue Robert D. Bullard, Glenn S. Johnson, and Angel O. Torres, Ph.D. in Sociology at Iowa State University; Associate Professor at Clark Atlanta University; Geographic Information Systems Training Spet, 2004 ( "Highway Robbery Transportation Racism And New Routes to Equity", Page 3-5) Many Americans have cars and the majority of American workers opt for private a...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.

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