Landscaping is the primary culprit for this excessive

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Unformatted text preview: Commerce. Some economists say these ballooning dollar figures place a heavy burden on companies doing business in the United States and can put them at a substantial competitive disadvantage in the international marketplace. For large multinational corporations, footing healthcare costs presents an enormous expense.. 17 | P a g e High Speed Rail Negative BDL No Solvency – Urban Sprawl Turn [____] High-speed rails causes urban sprawl, increasing car dependency Jason Kambitsis, city planner and contributing editor for, 2010 (Wired, “High-Speed Rail as a Conduit of Sprawl”, -speedrail-and-sprawl/) The goal for high-speed rail in the United States, as in Europe — which, like Japan, is held as a model for HSR — is linking large cities. But the big difference between the European and American approach is Europeans have made a large investment in rail and the accompanying infrastructure that links it with stations and communities. The United States, on the other hand, has invested heavily in a highway system. The result is our land use patterns are quite different. In addition to making rail a priority, Europe has long supported public transit and multimodal transportation infrastructure that supports bicycling, walking and other ways of getting around. It has all but taken the car out of the equation and solved the so -called “last mile” problem — addressing how people get from the transit stop to their final destination. Public transit options, along with dense, compact communities built around transit hubs (an approach called transit oriented development, or TOD) has created inherent convenience and in many cases eliminated dependence on cars. In the United States it is a completely different story. We rarely embrace TOD. This could be a problem with high-speed rail. Without a rapid transformation of our building patterns and a push to make existing communities denser, highspeed rail could be a conduit of sprawl, not a deterrent. If stations include vast parking lots, or they’re built in remote areas away from urban cores instead of being made a part of the community, it will all but guarantee people drive to the stations and create a system that is only accessible by car. Drivers already comfortable with a commute of an hour or more could move further away from urban centers, drive to a station and ride to work and still enjoy a shorter overall commute time. “High-speed rail will simply add another layer of access to the far-flung suburbs/exurbs and Central Valley, resulting in more mass-produced subdivisions,” warns Robert Cervero, director of the University of California Transportation Center and author of Development Around Transit. 18 | P a g e High Speed Rail Negative BDL No Solvency – Urban Sprawl Turn [____] Urban sprawl destroys the environment and causes a variety of social ills Leonardo R. Grabkowski, reporter for the San Francisco Chronicle, 2012 (San Francisco Chronicle, “Negative Effects of Urban Sprawl”, http://ho...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.

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