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Morgan james et al naval postgraduate school 2007

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Unformatted text preview: ertains to maritime programs, including port security and improvements, said Bondareff, who encouraged the audience to contact their senators and representatives to urge action on maritime -related legislation. 5|Page Port Security Affirmative BDL 1AC 2/5 Contention 2 – Harms The risk of a terror attack involving weapons of mass destruction is increasing Robert Galluci, President, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, 2012 (April 5, Huffington Post, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/robert-gallucci/nuclearterrorism_b_1406712.html We should all be concerned that perhaps during one morning rush hour in a major American city, a nuclear weapon of crude and improvised design will be detonated. Such a device's yield will be far smaller than that of the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but still tens of thousands will die instantly from the blast, burns and radiation. Over the following month, thousands more will succumb to burns, injuries, or the effects of radiation. The blast area will be uninhabitable for months or longer. This is not the stuff of pulp fiction or sensational television; it is a credible scenario. There is clear evidence that terrorist organizations, such as al-Qaeda, are interested in acquiring and using nuclear weapons. They seek to inflict maximum damage with an economy of means; nothing can accomplish this end more effectively and with more certainty than a nuclear weapon. Lack of security means terrorists could detonate a weapon of mass destruction – WMD – in a US port Lt. Morgan James et al, Naval Postgraduate School, 2007 (Port Security Strategy 2012, edocs.nps.edu/npspubs/scholarly/TR/2007/NPS-97-07-003.pdf) The disruption of port operations may come in three forms: Injuring and/or evacuation of port workers Damaging infrastructure of the port Contaminating port facilities with a chemical weapon or a dirty bomb Vehicle-borne IEDs and pier-side release or detonation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) have been identified to be the prominent land threats to port operations. Vehicle borne IEDs are improvised explosive devices carried either in a vehicle or inside a shipping container. IEDs can be made easily from readily available materials. The delivery of such devices is noted to be either by personnel (suicide bombers) or vehicles. From the various IED bombing incidents on 1 October 2005 in Bali, Indonesia, on 9 September 2004 at the Australia Embassy in Indonesia, on 5 August 2003 at the Marriott Hotel in Indonesia, and on 19 April 1995 in Oklahoma City in the United States, it was noted that vehicle borne IEDs are preferred mode of terrorist operation as it has enough explosive power to cause significant damage to infrastructure which, in the case of a port, may severely impact port operation. WMDs are weapons that possess the capacity to inflict extensive damage to infrastructure or the populace, or deny the use of critical geography through contamination. The successful deployment of a weapon of mass destruction would result in large economic loss and/or loss of life. 6|Page Port...
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