North american rail freight rates would continue to

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Unformatted text preview: income and sustenance. Many poor people also live in areas that are acutely vulnerable to severe weather, and greater extremes will continue to make their lives more fragile. The World Bank is helping developing countries and their people find ways to adapt to the changes that have begun. Traditional development activities often enhance adaptive capacity, but some can worsen problems. Adaptation is thus not a standalone issue, but needs to be integrated throughout national, sectorial, regional, and local planning processes, as well as at the project level. Developing drought -resistant crops, managing scarce water supplies, protecting forests and coastal ecosystems, an d improving access to energy will all help vulnerable groups survive in coming decades. The World Bank is helping countries adapt in many ways, including: Improving weather data collection and forecasts (for farmers and insurers) Providing technical assistance (such as extension services on new crop varieties, help for health systems addressing new diseases) Developing and sharing knowledge on options in land use, forestry, and agriculture Assessing risk and vulnerability Prioritizing investment through better understanding of options and costs Helping develop drought- and saline-resistant crops Policies: Eliminating counterproductive incentives (such as subsidies for water-intensive crops) Creating appropriate incentives for private sector action (including private insurance) Improving land security and social protection Improving integrated river-basin and ecosystems-based planning Institutions: Strengthening institutions in key sectors (including water, agriculture, infrastructure) Increasing coordination among sectors for disaster risk management Improving participatory processes and community involvement in decisions Strengthening disaster preparedness and safety nets for disaster-hit households Providing key public services (hydro-meteorological services, early warning systems) 6|Page High Speed Rail Negative BDL No Harms – Competitiveness – Private Sector Solves [____] [____] Private capital is sufficient now McClellan et al., W oodside Consulting vice president, 2011 (Jim, “The Future of Rail”, 5-11, , DOA: 4-1912) MR. MCCLELLAN: I am moderately bullish on the freight railroads. The mainline network is in great shape; as good as I have seen it in my 40-plus years in the business. Railroad finances are in good order. Railroads showed remarkable ability to weather the great recession, and they now seem able to deal with wide swings in traffic volumes in an efficient manner, which is in marked contrast to what I saw in the '60s and '70s. MR. RENNICKE: If the traffic-level trajectories are correct, then ton-mile [one ton of paying freight shipped one mile] growth could be in the 80% range by 2035 to 2040, and on this basis, industry prospects are bright. Rail activity could possibly even double by the midpoint of the century. Nor...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.

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