Varsity-Packet-Final

On road mobile sources contribute to the highest

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Unformatted text preview: an impair (or benefit) walkability and livability. Use of motor vehicles and rail cause air pollution, noise and pedestrian hazards, disproportionately affecting people living near them. Preferential investments in auto-centered transport have generated a transit-dependent subclass that has substantial barriers to access. Transportation systems facilitate race-, ethnic- and class-based segregation, contributing to environmental injustice. On-road mobile sources contribute to the highest health risks near major roadways. Land use decisions should be made with an attempt to protect sensitive individuals where air pollution is expected. There are lessons to be learned from environmental law and process. At the scoping stage in the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process, there should be adequate consideration of Title VI and environmental justice. Minority and low-income populations should be identified early and their concerns examined and addressed, at the planning stage. Cumulative impacts need to be considered. The precautionary principle should be invoked. As the recent massive and catastrophic oil leaks in the Gulf of Mexico have shown, categorical exclusions to the need for a proper environmental impact statement (EIS) cannot b e lightly granted by federal agencies. But even an EIS is not a solution if social needs and cultural history are not properly considered, as was shown in the Port Angeles case. The responsibilities of planners are more than legal, because a conservative federal judiciary has undercut legal requirements. Planners' responsibilities are also moral and ethical. Just as a number of faithbased organizations have undertaken environmental concerns due to a sense of responsibility for stewardship of God's creation, planners need to get back to their roots of responsibility. Solutions need to be sought, not just by advocates and not just in faith, but also in legislatures and Congress. Fixing the Sandoval decision, returning the "private attorney general" provision for private right of suit under Title VI, and incorporating environmental justice concepts into statute would be important steps. Also important is avoiding panic -driven decisions to cut public transportation services to those who most need them. The ARRA "shovelready project" concept has led to funding too many pothole -filling efforts. The larger American polity needs to be considered, with a return to the American creed of social mobility and opportunity. 35 | P a g e Mass Transit Affirmative BDL Answers to: States CP [____] [____] Federal action is key to investor predictability – the private sector won’t lend for transit infrastructure without consistent federal support Melaniphy, 12 - President & CEO American Public Transportation Association (Michael, Testimony efore The Subcommittee on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies of the Senate Committee on Appropriations, 3/21, Federal Transit Administration Programs Capital Investment Grants (New Starts...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.

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