Varsity-Packet-Final

The asce lobbies for more federal spending but oecd

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: or the states is to move more of their infrastructure financing to the private sector through the use of public-private partnerships (PPP) and privatization. The OECD has issued a new report that takes a favorable view on the global trend towards inf rastructure PPPs, and notes the "widespread recognition" of "the need for greater recourse to private sector finance" in infrastructure.17 The value of PPP infrastructure projects has soared over the past 15 years in major industrial countries.18 PPPs differ from traditional government projects by shifting activities such as financing, maintenance, management, and project risks to the private sector. There are different types of PPP projects, each fitting somewhere between traditional government contracting and full privatization. In my view, full privatization is the preferred reform option for infrastructure that can be supported by user fees and other revenue sources in the marketplace. Transportation is the largest area of PPP investment. A number of pro jects in Virginia illustrate the options: Midtown Tunnel. Skanska and Macquarie will be building a three-mile tolled tunnel under the Elizabeth River between Norfolk and Portsmouth. Private debt and equity will pay $1.5 billion of the project's $1.9 billion cost.19 Capital Beltway. Transurban and Fluor will be building, operating, and maintaining new toll lanes on the I-495. The firms are financing $1.4 billion of the project's $1.9 billion cost. 20 Dulles Greenway. The Greenway is a privately-owned toll highway in Northern Virginia completed with $350 million of private debt and equity in mid -1990s.21 Jordan Bridge. FIGG Engineering Group is constructing, financing, and will own a $100 million toll bridge over the Elizabeth River between Chesapeake and Portsmouth, which is to be completed in 2012.22 About $900 billion of state-owned assets have been sold in OECD countries since 1990, and about 63 percent of the total has been infrastructure assets.23 The OECD notes that "public provision of infrastructure has sometimes failed to deliver efficient investment with misallocation across sectors, 25 | P a g e States CP BDL regions or time often due to political considerations. Constraints on public finance and recognized limitations on the public sector's effectiveness in managing projects h ave led to a reconsideration of the role of the state in infrastructure provision."24 There has been a large increase in privatization and infrastructure PPPs in many countries, but the OECD notes that the United States "has lagged behind Australia and Eur ope in privatization of infrastructure such as roads, bridges and tunnels."25 More than one-fifth of infrastructure spending in Britain and Portugal is now through the PPP process, so this is becoming a normal way of doing business in some countries.26 The industry reference guide for infrastructure PPP and privatization is Public Works Financing.27 According to this sou...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online