The effectiveness of local transit systems is

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: d constituency of recipient groups (not just th e poor) and multiple provider interests, states have fought hard (and so far pretty much successfully) to shield Medicaid from Washington’s retrenchment efforts. • Cleaning Up the Environment ― This is a policy area in which many states are ahead of the cu rve compared to the federal government, as shown by the nine-state Northeastern accord to freeze power plant emissions and similar regional efforts underway in California, Washington, and Oregon. 3 • Equalizing School Aid ― Hard -charging activists in many states are pulling every lever ― courts, the executive, and legislative ― to distribute school aid in ways that give more aid to poor core-city and rural communities and provide more aid overall. • Providing Public Infrastructure ― Although the federal highway act is a big factor in the transportation field, activists at the state level generally see states as their best avenue for rehabilitating, maintaining, and constructing new roads, schools, parks, and other public facilities. Some of this is old-fashioned pork barreling, but that doesn’t diminish its importance in providing facilities for services advocated by the supporters of public education, libraries, economic development, the arts, recreation, parks, etc. [____] States have power over transportation infrastructure now Bruce Katz, Vice President of the Metropolitan Program @ the Brookings Institute, 2012 (“Remaking Federalism to Remake the American Economy,” February 16, Our federal republic diffuses power among different layers of government and across disparate sectors of society. States are the key constitutional partners, because they have broad powers over such market-shaping policy areas as infrastructure, innovation, energy, education and skills training. 10 | P a g e Federalism DA BDL Link – Transportation [____] Empirically, states have control over transportation and domestic issues. The plan is a form of coercive federalism in which the federal government does not consult with the states. Raymond Scheppach, Ph.D. Executive Director, National Governors Association, 2006 (Raymond C. Will the 2008 election improve state -federal relations?; The next president faces a crucial choice in how he'll get along - not just with foreign governments - but with leaders at home in the 50 states. July 9 Lexis) Federalism scholars often point to two recent periods in which federalism was defined very differently. Between 1980 and 1996, there was "cooperative" federalism, an era ushered in by the Reagan administration and marked by a genuine partnership between states and the federal government. President Reagan engaged in discussions and negotiations with the nation's governors over a huge swap proposed for domestic programs in which the federal government would take responsibility for all Medicaid and states would take responsibility for transportation and other domestic issues. Although this dialogue did not lead to any major legislative changes, both sides embraced a real feder...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online