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There was one part of the speech however that no

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Unformatted text preview: sive, urban living has lost the advantage of convenience. 25 | P a g e High Speed Rail Affirmative BDL States Counterplan Answers [____] [____] Adopting a national policy is critical to solve because strong investment and coordination is needed Hillestad et al., Ph.D. in engineering and applied science UCLA, 2009 (Richard, “Fast-Forward Key Issues in Modernizing the U.S. Freight -Transportation System for Future Economic Growth”, http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/monographs/2009/RAND_MG883.pdf , DOA: 4-2012) The renewal and expansion of freight transportation infrastructure to date have suffered from an overall lack of system planning. Solutions tend to be local and stakeholder-specific and do not consider the broader system consequences and costs. For example, the social costs in safety, environmental impacts, and congestion of using trucks for transport are gene rally greater than moving goods by rail, yet most users do not consider such costs in their planning. Furthermore, most infrastructure planning and development is done at the local and state levels, with little national, central coordination or oversight. Indeed, the policy at the end of the George W. Bush administration was to put even more responsibility in the hands of the states (U.S. Department of Transportation Web site, Freight Transportation page, 2009 ). Another aspect of the system issue is that there are behavioral responses to policy actions that are not always easy to predic t, such as how shippers might respond to congestion pricing on selected roadways or to increased container fees at ports meant to deal with, for example, construction of new p ort-area infrastructure or environmental mitigation (Leachman et al., 2005). Without considering the adaptive behavioral responses and the system as a whole, the predicted value of policy and mitigation actions may be far off the mark 26 | P a g e High Speed Rail Affirmative BDL Article: Can High Speed Rail Succeed in America Time, January 29, 2010, “Can High-Speed Rail Succeed in America?,” http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1957575,00.html Environmentalists came away from President Obama's first State of the Union address on Wednesday with mixed feelings. Yes, the President focused on the importance of investment in clean energy and energy efficiency as the best way to sustainably grow America's moribund ec onomy, and he mentioned clean coal, biofuels and nuclear power (though not renewable energy), and he talked up the need to pass a "comprehensive energy and climate bill." But notably, he said nothing about putting a price on carbon — which is considered by most greens to be the key move to reduce global carbon emissions. There was one part of the speech, however, that no green could fault: Obama's call for the creation of a high-speed rail system as a way to generate green jobs, enhance economic productivi ty and reduce carbon emissions. On Thursday, Jan. 28, the White House announced the awarding of $8 billion in stimulus funding to kick-start high-speed-rail pro...
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