Varsity-Packet-Final

This decrease in population in outlying areas or

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Unformatted text preview: sit Negative BDL No Harms – Car Focus is Declining [____] [____] People are moving back into the cities now due to high transport costs Judson Kidd, real estate advisor at Caldwell Banker, 2012 (“The Re-Urbanization of Atlanta” May 6th 2012 Coldwell Banker NRT Development Advisors) The Unites States Census Bureau recently released updated population estimates for the first time since 2010, and the results were quite surprising. Despite signs of economic recovery and nearly two years after the technical end of the recession, a reverse trend has developed. The exodus of buyers to the outlying suburbs where homes are larger is over. In fact, the annual rate of growth in American cities and surrounding urban areas has now surpassed that of the suburbs for the first time in over 20 years. This decrease in population in outlying areas or “Exurbs” is due to various factors. For one, the substantial loss in home values in these areas has buyers looking for property with increased price stabilization and higher short -term ROI potential. W ith foreclosure inventory nearing the bottom within the I-285 corridor, market sales are on the rise and taking prices along for the ride. Energy costs have a direct impact on this new trend as well. The high cost of gasoline discourages long commutes, and larger suburban homes generally come with higher heating and cooling costs. Finally, young buyers prefer an urban location, and with the emergence of the “Echo Boomers” as the next wave of new home purchasers, this trend is likely to continue. 11 | P a g e Mass Transit Negative BDL No Harms – Poverty [____] [____] Lack of education is the main cause of poverty, not transportation Blake Bailey, National Center for Policy Analysis, 2003 (“How to Not Be Poor,” Jan 15, http://www.ncpa.org/pub/ba428/) Furthermore, these lower propensities for poverty last throughout a person's life. In every adult age group, people who fail to obtain a high school degree are more than twice as likely to fall into poverty. People ages 25 to 54 are nearly three times as likely. The numbers are worse for long -term poverty - poverty that lasts for years. An Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) report found that in the United States: High school dropouts suffer a long-term poverty rate of 14.2 percent, while high school grads have only a 3.8 percent long-term poverty rate. Only 1.2 percent of adults receiving some education beyond high school are poor long -term. 12 | P a g e Mass Transit Negative BDL No Solvency – Social Inequality [____] Turn- Mass Transit fees reduce social welfare- empirically proven Winston, Maheshri, 2006 – Brookings Institution, U.C. Berkeley (Clifford, Vikram, “On the Social Desirability of Urban Rail Transits,” Brookings Institution, 08/23/06, http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/papers/2006/8/rail%20systems%20winston/08_rail_systems_winston.pdf )//AX The evolution of urban rail transit in the United States over the past twenty years has been marked by three inescapable facts that signal an inefficient allocation of transit resour...
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