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This is the reason why traditionally motorway

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Unformatted text preview: nors would have liked to ignore these balanced-budget amendments, but they seemed to make a good faith effort to abide by them. I really cannot think of any instances where state balanced-budget amendments were unenforced. Interestingly, state courts have been very tough on other fiscal limits, but fairly supportive of balanced-budget amendments. During a budget standoff in Nevada in 2003, the courts basically nullified Nevada’s constitutional supermajority requirement for tax increases. However, they left Nevada’s balanced-budget amendment intact. 3|Page States CP Aff BDL No Solvency – State Funding Not Stable [____] [____] States can’t solve because of budget crunch Council on Economic Advisors, 2012 (Council of Economic Advisors, “A NEW ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT”, 3-23, http://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/economicpolicy/Documents/20120323InfrastructureReport.pdf, DOA: 4-8-12) Finally, it is important to consider the economic situation facing state and local governments who are significant partners in funding public infrastructure. During recessions, it is common for state and local governments to cut back on capital projects – such as building schools, roads, and parks – in order to meet balanced budget requirements. At the beginning of the most recent recession, tax receipts at the state and local level contracted for four straight quarters; receipts are still below pre-recession levels. Past research has found that expenditures on capital projects are more than four times as sensitive to year-to-year fluctuations in state income as is state spending in general. 30 However, the need for improved and expanded infrastructure is just as great during a downturn as it is during a boom. Providing immediate additional federal support for transportation infrastructure investment would be prudent given the ongoing budgetary constraints facing state and local governments, the upcoming reduction in federal infrastructure investment as Recovery Act funds are depleted, and the strong benefits associated with public investment. 4|Page States CP Aff BDL No Solvency – Uniformity [____] State action fails A. State action lacks uniformity Jack Goldsmith, Associate Prof at University of Chicago, 1997 (Virginia Law Review, November, Lexis) Nonetheless, these concerns need not affect the legitimacy of the federal common law of foreign relations. Although federal courts might be generally unsuited to make federal foreign relations law on both legitimacy and competence grounds, the adverse consequences of state-by-state regulation in the face of federal political branch silence might be worse. States suffer from many of the same disabilities as federal courts in this context. Moreover, federal courts, in contrast to the states, have independence from local political processes and, as a branch of the national government, are likely to be more sensitive to national foreign relations interests. Even in the absence of strategic behavior by the states, one might think that, all things being equal, s...
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