Varsity-Packet-Final

Varsity-Packet-Final - 2012-2013 Varsity Packet Mass...

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2012-2013 Varsity Packet Mass Transit Aff Mass Transit Neg High Speed Rail Aff High Speed Rail Neg Inland Waterways Aff Inland Waterways Neg Port Security Aff Port Security Neg Federalism DA Federalism DA Aff Russian Oil DA Russian Oil DA Aff Taxes Bad DA Taxes Bad DA Aff States CP States CP Aff Capitalism Critique Capitalism Critique Aff Topicality Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially increase its transportation infrastructure investment in the United States.
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Mass Transit Affirmative
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Mass Transit Affirmative BDL 1 | P a g e Mass Transit Aff – Table of Contents Summary. .............................................................................................................................................. 2 Glossary . ............................................................................................................................................... 3 1AC . ................................................................................................................................................... 4-8 Harms Add-Ons Urban Sprawl Add-on . ...................................................................................................................... 9-10 Urban Sprawl Add-on- Link Extensions . ............................................................................................. 11 Air Pollution Add-on . ...................................................................................................................... 12-13 Obesity Add-on . .................................................................................................................................. 14 Car Accidents Add-on . ........................................................................................................................ 15 Harms - Social Inequality Lack of Mass Transit Leads to Poverty/ Segregation . .................................................................... 16-17 Car Culture Leads to Systemic Violence . ............................................................................................ 18 Inequality Should Come First . ............................................................................................................. 19 Answers to: No Impact to Poverty . ...................................................................................................... 20 Answers to: Segregation Declining . .................................................................................................... 21 Solvency Solvency Extension . ............................................................................................................................ 22 Answers to: No Riders . .................................................................................................................. 23- 2 6 Answers to: Road Focus Good for Economy . ............................................................................... 27-30 Answers to: Gentrification Turn . ..................................................................................................... 31-32 Answers to: Crime Turn . ..................................................................................................................... 33 Answers to Of Case Answers to: Federalism. ..................................................................................................................... 34 Answers to: States CP . .................................................................................................................. 35-36
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Mass Transit Affirmative BDL 2 | P a g e Summary This affirmative argues that the current focus on transportation infrastructure puts too much emphasis on highways and cars making it harder for poor people to get to work and have economic opportunities. Because it is expensive to buy and maintain a car, the focus on highways and roads at the expense of public transportation is discriminatory against poor and minority communities. The affirmative plan is to increase investment in mass transit infrastructure. Mass transit includes things like buses and subways/light rail. This kind of infrastructure can transport many people at a lower cost and can increase economic opportunities for all. Besides reinforcing segregation, a lack of mass transit also has other negative effects. The reliance of cars increases air pollution because driving a lot releases a significant amount of exhaust. Additionally, when people drive all the time, they walk less making them more likely to be overweight. The culture that surrounds cars also has the effect of disconnecting us from one another, unlike mass transit where people are more likely to talk and interact when put into close quarters. Finally, decreasing reliance on cars could help encourage people to stop living in environmentally destructive suburbs and instead move back into the city, decreasing urban sprawl.
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Mass Transit Affirmative BDL 3 | P a g e Glossary Vocabulary Car culture . America’s love of cars that is seen in music, movies, etc.
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Varsity-Packet-Final - 2012-2013 Varsity Packet Mass...

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