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Unformatted text preview: s against each other. One can already
discern the first hints of a conflict between the United States, Japan, and their faithful
Australian ally on the one hand, and China and other Asian countries on the other . Nor is it
difficult to envisage the rebirth of a conflict between the United States and Russia , if the latter
manages to extricate itself from the nightmarish spiral of death and disintegration into which Boris
Yeltsin and his U.S. "advisors" have plunged it. And if the European Left could free itself from
submission to the double dictates of capital and Washington, it would be possible to imagine that the
new European strategy could be intertwined with those of Russia, China, India, and the third world in
general, in a necessary, multipolar construction effort. If this does not come about, the European
project itself will fade away. The central question, therefore, is how conflicts and social struggles (it is
important to differentiate between the two) will be articulated. Which will triumph? Will social struggles
be subordinated, framed by conflicts, and therefore mastered by the dominant powers, even made
instruments to the benefit of those powers? Or will social struggles surmount their autonomy and
force the major powers to respond to their urgent demands? Of course, I do not imagine that the
conflicts and struggles of the twenty-first century will produce a remake of the previous century.
History does not repeat itself according to a cyclical model. Today's societies are confronted by new
challenges at all levels. But precisely because the immanent contradictions of capitalism are
sharper at the end of the century than they were at its beginning, and because the means of
destruction are also far greater than they were, the alternatives for the twenty-first century are
(more than ever before) "som or barbarism."
22 | P a g e Capitalism Critique BDL
Answers to: Transition Wars [___] [___] Wars are inevitable under capitalism
Istvan Meszaros, Prof of Philosophy & Political Theory, 1995
(Professor at University of Sussex, England, “Beyond Capital: Toward a Theory of Transition”)
With regard to its innermost determination the capital system is expansion oriented and
accumulation-driven. Such a determination constitutes both a formerly unimaginable
dynamism and a fateful deficiency. In this sense, as a system of social metabolic control
capital is quite irresistible for as long as it can successfully extract and accumulate surplus-laborwhether in directly economic or in primarily political form- in the course of the given society’s
expanded reproduction. Once, however, this dynamic process of expansion and
accumulation gets stuck (for whatever reason) the consequences must be quite devastating.
For even under the ‘normality’ of relatively limited cyclic disturbances and blockages the
destruction that goes with the ensuing socioeconomic and political crises can be
enormous, as the annals of the twentieth century reveal it, including two world wars (not to
mention numerous smaller conflagrations). It is therefore not too diffi...
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- Spring '14