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Unformatted text preview: ns of reaching its goals regarding environmental
sustainability and economic competitiveness. It therefore has an active and longstanding
policy of promoting short sea shipping and has invested millions of euros to promote greater
use of its coastal and inland waterways, including:
␣Funding through the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T), the Marco Polo programs
(designed to reduce congestion and improve the environmental performance of the intermodal
transport system), the European Regional Development Fund, and State funding sources; and
␣Establishment of the Motorways of the Sea program (part of the TEN-T), the Program for the
Promotion of Short Sea Shipping, and other and predecessor programs. As a result, container barge
transportation has seen strong growth, with annual European traffic crossing the one million TEU
level by 1991, the two million TEU level by 1996, and the three million TEU level by 2000. Estimated
barge traffic in 2004 reached four million TEU. Short sea shipping (here including bulk materials as
well as non-bulk) currently represents 40 percent of intra-EU exchanges in terms of ton-kilometers.
There are significant differences between freight transportation systems of Europe and the
United States. Europe’s rail system is less efficient than the U.S. rail system for moving
freight, and Europe’s geography has led to many of its largest industrial centers being in
close proximity to water. Nonetheless, the strong growth of short sea shipping of containers
in Europe highlights both the ability of short sea shipping to compete with land-based
transportation modes and the potential benefits of government support to this mode. MARAD
is closely monitoring this successful European example. 27 | P a g e Inland Waterways Affirmative BDL Article: DOT To Turn Underused Waterways Into Marine Highways Wired, July 23, 2010, “DOT To Turn Underused Waterways Into Marine Highways,”
A new priority of the U.S. Department of Transportation is an age -old idea: Transport freight by ship
for as long as possible. The DOT is proposing designated shipping channels known as Marine
Highways, and one may be leading to a port near you.
If you’ve purchased any household goods in the United States recently, they probably took a familiar
path from the factory to the store where you bought them: to North America on a massive cargo ship,
from the ship to a railway, and finally from the rail yard to your local retailer by truck. In many cases,
freight is carried solely by truck along interstate highways.
Unfortunately, such a system is far from efficient. It clogs our highways with multiple trucks headed in
the same direction and brings pollution into our cities near freight terminals.
That’s why the Maritime Administration (MARAD) has proposed a system of marine highways where
ships would transit goods within the United States. Along designated corridors, ships could provide
safe, environmentally friendly and reasonably quick freight transit among a network of well -situa...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.
- Spring '14