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Unformatted text preview: gma to transit and the ethnicity of the riders pretty much mirrors the ethnic mix of the cities it runs through. Transit is for everyone. 31 | P a g e Mass Transit Affirmative BDL Answers to: Gentrification Turn [____] [____] Cities can take many steps to avoid gentrification Lesley Williams Reid and Robert M. Adelman, Georgia State University, 2003 (The Double-edged Sword of Gentrification in Atlanta, http://www.asanet.org/footnotes/apr03/indexthree.html) In response to events in recent years, the Atlanta city government created a task force to deal with the negative aspects of gentrification. The task force suggested that the city institute aggressive affordable housing policies, especially for low -income residents; provide incentives for builders to include affordable housing in new developments; use land seized by the city through tax foreclosures for affordable housing; prevent property tax liens from being sold to private collection agencies; and educate longtime residents on predatory lending and below-market price sales scams. But, as sprawl and long commutes continue to plague Atlanta, the demand for in-town housing will increase. Developers and renovators will be more than happy to meet that demand. Indeed the biggest challenge facing Atlanta is to prevent those who control the market from defining the terms of gentrification. This is a task few cities have done well, and in a city built on a mantra of pro-growth, pro-development, no-holds-barred boosterism, it is a particularly daunting task. 32 | P a g e Mass Transit Affirmative BDL Answers to: Crime Turn [____] [____] Mass transit decreases crime in bad neighborhoods because of police presence House Logic, 2010 (April 23, 2010, http://www.houselogic.com/home-advice/green-living/publictransportation-adds-value-home/) Another stereotype about public transportation is that it brings criminals into the neighborhood. Research shows, however, that the existing socio-demographic makeup of the neighborhood is what drives crime, not its proximity to public transportation.

As the Department of Urban Planning at the University of California, Los Angeles, School of Public Policy and Social Research found when it studied the issue, transit stations and surrounding neighborhoods in L.A. “are no more unsafe than other city streets. In fact, if we consider only serious crime, rail stations are safer than many city streets because of the higher rate of police deployment.” The study did find that the type of crime committed was influenced by the environment. Pick-pockets work in crowds, while car theives work park-and-ride lots. [____] Crime is at an all time low New York Times, 2011 (May 23, http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/24/us/24crime.html) The number of violent crimes in the United States dropped significantly last year, to what appeared to be the lowest rate in nearly 40 years, a development that was considered puzzling partly because it ran counter to the prevailing expectation that crime would increase during a recession. In all regions, the country appears to be safer. The odds of being murdered or robbed are now less than half of what they were in the early 1990s, when violent crime peaked in the United States. Small towns, especially, are seeing far fewer murders: In cities with populations under 10,000, the number plunged by more than 25 percent last year. 33 | P a g e Mass Transit Affirmative BDL Answers to: Federalism [____] Non unique link – federal government domi...
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