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Unformatted text preview: uld impose significant economic costs throughout not only the United States but also the world. Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden has labeled the destruction of the U.S. economy as one of his goals: “If their economy is finished, they will become too busy to enslave oppressed people. It is very important to concentrate on hitting the U.S. economy with every available means.” The potential for a port closure to disrupt economic activity has been made clear several times in recent years. In 2002, the closure of all West Coast ports was clearly responsible for some element of economic disruption, with estimates of lost activity ranging from the hundreds of millions of dollars per day to several billion. In September 2005, Hurricane Katrina further served to reinforce the fact that ports are an integral feature of our goods distribution system. The closure of the Port of New Orleans and many smaller ports along the Gulf Coast is likely to have adversely affected U.S. grain exports, although at the time of this writing, cost estim ates were not available. Hurricane Katrina further illustrated the effects of disruptions to the flow of oil, gasoline, and natural gas to the nation’s economy. That a natural disaster can produce such a result implies that an attack on oil terminals at U.S. ports could be both desirable and effective for terrorists. [___] An attack on the LA-Long Beach ports would disrupt the US economy Jon D. Haveman and Howard J. Shatz, Public Policy Institute of California, 2006 (Protecting the Nation’s Seaports: Balancing Security and Costs, www.ppic.org/content/pubs/report/r_606jhr.pdf) Combined, the complex is the largest port by value in the United States and the fifth-largest container port in the world. If terrorists wanted to wreak havoc on the U.S. economy, the Los Angeles–Long Beach complex would certainly be a prime target for attack. In 2004, the complex processed $243 billion worth of traded goods, just over 10 percent of all U.S. trade, 25 percent of all waterborne trade, or an amount equal to about 2 percent of U.S. gross domestic product (GDP). Because imports constitute the vast majority of this trade, and because these imports are often used as inputs to other products, a terrorist attack on these ports could disrupt the U.S. economy. 14 | P a g e Port Security Affirmative BDL Answers to: Terrorists Can’t Get Weapons Into Ports [___] [___] WMDs can be moved through shipping containers Lt. Morgan James et al, Naval Postgraduate School, 2007 (Port Security Strategy 2012, edocs.nps.edu/npspubs/scholarly/TR/2007/NPS-97-07-003.pdf) Containers provide terrorist a method to gain unauthorized access into a country. It is possible for terrorist to infiltrate a shipping container in the container’s country of origin and travel inside the container to its destination with WMDs. If the terrorists are not detected, they will have unauthorized access to the importing nation, enabling them to execute malicious intentions. [___] An Improvised Explosive Device (IED) attack on a port will directly shut it down Lt. Morgan James et al, Naval Postg...
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