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Unformatted text preview: es between groups of people who do not have the same social status. In the US, this can mean differences in access to education, health care, housing, etc. Subsidy. Government financial support of an industry or thing. Urban. Relating to the city or town. Urban Sprawl. The development of large suburbs outside of major cities. 2|Page Mass Transit Negative BDL Answers to: Urban Sprawl Add-on [____] [____] There are many other causes besides transportation infrastructure Dee Striker, writer for the San Francisco Chronicle, 2007 (“What are the Causes of Urban Sprawl”, http://homeguides.sfgate.com/causes -urban-sprawl2577.html) Urban sprawl is loosely defined as low-density residential, and sometimes commercial, development that is outside the borders of higher density urban centers. Urban sprawl communities are typically automobile-oriented as opposed to pedestrian-friendly. Planners, scholars, community activists and public officials all offer numerous possibilities as to the causes of urban sprawl. Lack of Comprehensive Planning The Planners Web Sprawl Guide suggests that little to no regional planning is one of the major causes of urban sprawl. If officials in densely populated urban centers plan in isolation without consulting nearby communities, the result is sometimes poorly planned developments on the outskirts of urban centers. Instead of bridging the existing infrastructure and amenities of surround ing communities, these less densely populated areas often incur new public expenses for infrastructure improvements without regard to a regional plan or pooled resources. A regional plan would anticipate the growth of new areas and gradually execute the ne cessary planning initiatives to create a cohesive community. Rapid Population Growth The Sierra Club notes that although population growth is not the only cause of urban sprawl, it is a major factor. Rapid population growth is a particularly large contributor to urban sprawl in the Western and Southern regions of the United States. A sharp increase in residents beyond the capacity of nearby urban centers necessitates the creation of new communities. As the regional population continues to increase, communities begin to spread farther and farther away from city centers. Subsidized Infrastructure Improvements One condition that encourages urban sprawl, according to Towson University Center for Geographic Information Sciences, occurs when municipalities subsid ize the cost of infrastructure such as roads and sewers to un- or under-developed areas. Such an action incentivizes the creation of communities outside of city centers without requiring comprehensive plans or suggesting alternative development options. Consumer Preferences One cause of urban sprawl that is difficult to quantify is preference. Useful Community Development, a site dedicated to progressive urban planning, cites the desire for larger homes, more bedrooms and bigger yards as one of the causes of urban sprawl. Some people simply prefer more space or more home square footage than what is affordable or avail...
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