Vtpiorgecodevpdf automobile dependency has various

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Unformatted text preview: it needs $16 billion it doesn’t have to rehabilitate tracks and trains. To keep the trains running, the agency siphoned money away from the city’s bus system and lost a third of its bus riders between 1986 and 1996. Newer systems face other financial challenges. San Jose’s light-rail system put the city’s transit agency so far in debt that when sales tax revenues fell short early in this decade, it was forced to cut bus and rail service by 20 percent. Rail construction almost always costs more than the original estimates. Denver voters approved a 119-mile rail system in 2004 on the promise that it would cost $4.7 billion to build it by 2017. The current estimate is up to $7.9 billion, and the regional transit agency says the system might not be complete until 2034. 21 | P a g e Mass Transit Negative BDL Road Focus Better – Automobile Industry [____] Automobile dependency is key for boosting the economy Todd Litman and Felix Laube, founder and executive director of the Victoria Transport Police, 2012 (“Automobile Dependency and Economic Development”, Automobile dependency has various impacts that affect economic development.6 These are summarized below and some are discussed in detail later in this paper. 1. Increased Mobility And Convenience For Motorists Automobile dependency directly benefits vehicle users: favorable pricing, investment, facility design, parking and land use practices make drivi ng relatively fast, convenient and affordable. It also allows businesses to use more centralized distribution systems and Just-In-Time production, and to access a wider range of possible employees and customers, which can cause certain types of agglomeration efficiencies, such as large retail centers. These savings and efficiencies can increase economic development if they increase the productivity of local industries . These productivity benefits are separate and in addition to consumer benefits from increa sed mobility. However, not all increased vehicle use by producers represents increased productivity. As discussed later in this paper, automobile dependent transportation systems and land use patterns require more travel to provide a given level of services. 22 | P a g e Mass Transit Negative BDL Road Focus Better – Jobs [____] The automobile industry is key to providing jobs, nearly 10% of recent jobs were directly created through the automobile industry Adam Hersh and Jane Farrell, an economist at the Center for American Progress Action Fund,Special Assistant for Economic Policy at CAPAF, 2012 (Auto Industry Provides Bright Spot In Jobs Report, Proving Again That Letting It Fail Would Have Been The Wrong Course, April 6th 2012) Today’s jobs report from the Department of Labor shows that the private sector has added jobs for the past 25 months consecutively. One particular bright spot: auto industry employment continued its winning streak. Nearly ten percent of the 120,000 U.S. jobs added in March were a result of strong growth in the motor vehicles and parts manufacturing sector, serving as yet another wake-up call regarding whose ideas are working for...
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