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Unformatted text preview: – distinction on account of the different theological status & afterlife of the king as opposed to the rest of the population => speciﬁc standardized tomb architecture (pyramid) and funerary texts (preserved only in the Old/New Kingdom and 3rd Intermediate Period) – no private market – “private” tombs ultimately depended on the king • employment / occupation / ﬁnancial resources • access to materials, craftsmen, religious texts (where used) • permission for architectural forms / texts / depictions – variety of tomb layouts, decoration, funerary equipment: Private tombs of the Middle Kingdom Objectives of this class: – to understand the notion of “private tomb” in the Middle Kingdom – overview of the main architectural types of private tombs – religious purpose and function of the MK private tombs 4 main types of tombs attested in the Nile Valley during the Middle Kingdom / 12th dynasty: (1) Mastabas (2) Rock tombs (3) Shaft tombs (4) Surface tombs (pit tombs) – archaeological interest and historical reality – imagining the difference i...
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- Winter '14