19. Religion after the NK

Taleofwoemoscowliteraryleterexampleofsomebodywhodisreg

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Unformatted text preview: ld funerary temple of Ramesses III at Medinet Habu Time a_er the collpase of the New Kingdom reflected in two important tales: – the Tale of Wenamun – the “Tale of Woe” (Moscow literary leVer) Works of poliWcal theology –> Increasing role of Amun, decreasing role of the king! "Tale of Woe" (Moscow literary leTer) – example of somebody who disregards the god? Theban ruler Herihor and his wife Nodjmet – Book of the Dead papyrus of Nodjmet Herihor as high priest (le_) and king (above) His former Wtle "High priest of Amun" of Amun is his throne name = poliWcal program! A_er the loss of its external provinces, the royal tombs of the New Kingdom were empMed on behalf of the state as a short‐term source of revenue – Possible because kings were no longer seen as divine but mere "god's servants" Amun was the true king (cf. 21st royal name "Amenemnesu" = "Amun is the king" – mummies in their coffins were saved by priests and relocated to the "CacheVe" of Deir el‐Bahari Cache of Deir el‐Bahari Found by locals, officially disocvered and empWed in 1881 Mummy of SeW I Mummy of Nodjmet Tanis – excavated by a French mission since 1939 Re‐used building material from Piramesse = spolia Since anWquity, most limestone was removed from the site and reburnt in lime burners Amenemhet III Ramesses II Main idea realized at Tanis: – recreaWon of the sacred city of Thebes in the north – Amun was the true “king” of Egypt who needed a residence Tanis Thebes Recreated mutual arrangement of the temple of Karnak Recreated mutual arrangement of the temple of Karnak, the temple of Mut Recreated mutual arrangement of the temple of Karnak, the temple of Mut, and the Luxor temple The royal tombs of Tanis – discovered in late 1939 Only surviving and largely unlooted royal necropolis of the 1st millennium BCE Complete assemblage was covered, under Shoshenq III, by a huge mound of mud bricks – Complete assemblage was covered, under Shoshenq III, by a huge mound of mud bricks – to recreate the Valley of the Kings? Small chamber tombs Painted coffins as a new blossom of religious art – replace tomb decoraWon...
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