Unformatted text preview: rly appear on nonroyal monuments only in the New Kingdom and later. Direct encounter of worshippers with the divine Growth of personal piety entailed decrease of the exclusive role of the king and oﬃcial religion – Amun as the god who listened to his believers and who saved them from misery (“the saviour”) Change in assump0ons about personal life: ethical life no longer guarantee for just retribu0on Will of the deity increasingly important. Gods were now seen as intervening personally in the individual's life – could punish individuals through their divine wrath for perceived wrongdoing; fate and fortune Wisdom texts recommend to place oneself conﬁdently “in the hands” of a god and to rely on his powers Examples of personal piety: • Biography of Simut Kiki • The stela of Pataweret from the Wepwawet sanctuary at Asyut Ramesses II – personal piety of the king in the Ba^le of Kadesh (1285 BCE) "Amun is king" – consequences of the religious development and the theocracy of Amun in Ancient Egypt aMer the New Kingdom High priest of Amun Amenophis and Ramesses XI Third Intermediate Period: 21s...
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- Winter '14
- Grave, Tomb, Royal Tombs, personal piety