Include possible contraindications and cautions drugs

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Unformatted text preview: e effects and toxicities) of agonists and antagonists acting at each of the above receptor sites. • Include possible contraindications and cautions. Drugs with Adrenergic Effects Drugs • Targets include: – Cardiovascular • Alpha or Beta 1 – Bronchiolar • Beta 2 – Metabolic rate • Beta 2 Adrenergic: Therapeutic Uses Adrenergic: • Treat Allergic reactions – can reverse bronchiolar constriction (β2) – can cause vasoconstriction and reduce edema (α) – can increase cardiac output (β1) Adrenergic: Therapeutic Uses Adrenergic: • Treat Allergic reactions • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis- β2 – inhalation causes fewer side effects Cystic Fibrosis Cystic Fibrosis Adrenergic: Therapeutic Uses Adrenergic: • Treat Allergic reactions • CO P D • Hypotension – as with spinal anesthesia – Treat with alpha as well as beta 1 • Shock –have sympathetic discharge – Caution with alpha (often avoid) – Beta 1 and 2 helpful • Beta 2 may help dilate critical blood vessels Colon Cardiac Output • Heart Rate • Stroke Volume Fluid Volume •Salt = higher BP •Hemorrhage = lower BP Arteriole Diameter •Constrict = higher BP •Dilate = lower BP Adrenergic: Therapeutic Uses Adrenergic: • • • • Treat Allergic reactions COPD Hypotension Shock • Local Vasoconstriction – Nasal congestion – Local anesthetic adjuncts – Topical hemostatics • Dilate Pupil –Eye Exam Sympathetic...
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This document was uploaded on 02/07/2014.

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