High point was 1975 with 472 deaths in comparison

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Unformatted text preview: , efficacy 97-98% – some women still ovulate but the ovum is not implanted (change in endometrial lining) – many women abandon this pill • more breakthrough bleeding occurs – chief advantage - nursing mothers • no estrogen to inhibit milk production. Caution: Contraceptive effects are decreased when taken with several antibiotics (ampicillin, penicillin V, , sulfonamindes, isoniazid, rifampin, neomycin) or CNS agents (barbiturates, benzodiazepines, phenytoin). Pill may actually protect user against following conditions: • Some cancers – ovarian and some uterine cancers • Pelvic inflammatory disease – 1/2 to 1/3 the rate of nonusers • Toxic shock syndrome – 1/4 the risk of nonusers • Rheumatoid arthritis Deaths from contraception • Number has been declining. • High point was 1975 with 472 deaths. – In comparison, there were 527 pregnancy and childbirth related deaths that year. Birth Control Pills: “Alternatives” • “Morning-after” contraceptives – A poor name since these agents are effective contraceptives up to 72 hours after intercourse. • California has a trial program: – selected pharmacies to dispense without a prescription – individuals participate in a short education program. “Morning-after” contraceptives • Preven® – four tablets of 50ug ethinyl estradiol + 0.25 mg levonorgestrel • P la n B ® – two tablets of 0.75 mg levonorges...
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This document was uploaded on 02/07/2014.

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