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E dry mouth nausea and vomiting etc demulcents

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Unformatted text preview: t has no analgesic or addictive properties. • Side Effects and Cautions – skip - not serious - sometimes have atropine-like side effects, i.e. dry mouth, nausea and vomiting, etc. Demulcents Demulcents Agents with a soothing effect (gargles, lozenges, syrups, even steam treatment) • Therapeutic Uses – for cough and throat irritation • Mechanism of Action – protects respiratory lining from irritation and contact with air • Cautions - none Expectorants Expectorants Increase secretion of mucus in bronchi or modify it to reduce viscosity • First Treatment – steam and drink plenty of fluids (2 cups/hour) • Therapeutic Uses – – – – asthma or other COPD (viscous mucus is the obstruction) bronchitis pneumonia coughs • Mechanism of Action – make secretions more fluid so can be moved (i.e. makes coughing more productive) • Side Effects – usually specific to drug used - we won't discuss Other drugs affecting mucus Other • • • • • Mucolytic agents (Enzymes) Acetylcysteine (Mucomyst®) Surf...
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