Aboriginal title a legal term that recognizes an

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Unformatted text preview: tions, treaties and agreements that have formed part of their distinctive cultures. Aboriginal self-government Governments designed, established and administered by Aboriginal peoples under the Canadian Constitution through a process of negotiation with Canada and, where applicable, the provincial government. Aboriginal title A legal term that recognizes an Aboriginal interest in the land. It is based on the long-standing use and occupancy of the land by today's Aboriginal peoples as the descendants of the original inhabitants of Canada. American Indian "American Indian" is a commonly used term in the United States to describe the descendants of the original peoples of North America (see also Native Americans). Some people are dissatisfied with this term, because it: (a) retains the misnomer "Indian" in its name, and (b) covers peoples who consider themselves distinct from Indian peoples, namely the Inuit, Yupik and Aleut peoples in Alaska. The term is not popular in Canada. band A band is a body of Indians for whose collective use and benefit lands have been set apart or money is held by the Crown, or declared to be a band for the purposes of the Indian Act. Each band has its own governing band council, usually consisting of one chief and several councillors. Community members choose the chief and councillors by election, or sometimes through custom. The members of a band generally share common values, traditions and practices rooted in their ancestral heritage. Today, many bands prefer to be known as First Nations (e.g., the Batchewana Band is now called the Batchewana First Nation). • band council This is the governing body for a band. It usually consists of a chief and councillors, who are elected for two or three-year terms (under the Indian Act or band custom) to carry out band business, which may include education; water, sewer and fire services; by-laws; community buildings; schools; roads; and other community businesses and services. Suggested usage: Capitalize ‘‘band' when used as part of a name. Unless you are naming a specific band (e.g., the Bonaparte Indian Band), the word "band" can remain lowercase. Bill C-31 The pre-legislation name of the 1985 Act to Amend the Indian Act. This act eliminated certain discriminatory provisions of the Indian Act, including the section that resulted in Indian women losing their Indian status and membership when they married Non-Status men. Bill C-31 enabled people affected by the discriminatory provisions of the old Indian Act to apply to have their Indian status and membership restored. custom A traditional Aboriginal practice. For example, First Nations peoples sometimes marry or adopt children according to custom, rather than under Canadian family law. Band councils chosen "by custom" are elected or selected by traditional means, rather than by the election rules contained in the Indian Act. Eskimo "Eskimo" is the term once given to Inuit by European explor...
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