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Unformatted text preview: nal peoples that inhabited North America before
European settlers arrived. In Canada, "Aboriginal peoples" is often used. In the United States, "American
Indian" or "Native American" are commonly used. United Nations documents and organizations (and some
Aboriginal scholars and advocates) use the term "Indigenous people." While the term Inuit is used for the
Canada Aboriginal inhabitants north of the tree line, many in the U.S. still use the term Eskimo.
This guide gives the recommended usage for the employees of INAC and the Government of Canada.
Regardless of the lexicon you choose to follow, try to use terms correctly and consistently.
2. The authors of this guide have tried to use current names and terminology selected by Aboriginal
peoples themselves. However, some of the terms listed here have strict legal definitions. They may seem
outdated, but they are still necessary in certain contexts explained later in the guide.
3. This guide does not list the many and varied names of individual Aboriginal nations. Rather, it provides
inclusive terms that describe them collectively. Whenever possible, try to characterize Aboriginal people
through their specific identities (e.g., a Haida painter, a Mohawk school, a Blackfoot publication). These
types of identifications more accurately capture the unique aspects of the people or things you are
4. If you are unsure about names and terms, try contacting the Aboriginal people you are writing about to
learn which terms they prefer. Also note that many Aboriginal people are using English transliterations of
terms from their own languages to identify themselves; e.g., the Mohawk Nation is also called
"Kanien‘‘kehá:ka"; the Blackfoot, "Siksika"; the Chippewas, "Anishinabeg"; and the Swampy Cree,
"Mushkegowuk." Organization of Words First
The terms in this guide are arranged alphabetically. This makes it easy to find a particular term when you
know what you are looking for. When you are unsure of the appropriate term, however, a thematic
organization can be helpful. Here, then, is a breakdown of the terms in this guide according to various
Collective names to describe the original peoples of North America and their descendants: • Aboriginal people(s) • First Peoples • Indigenous people(s) • Native people(s) • Native American • American Indian More narrowly defined groups of Aboriginal people: • First Nation • Indian • Innu • Metis • Eskimo • Inuit Terms associated with communities and community organization: • among First Nations: •
• tribal council • tribe • reservation •
• band reserve among Inuit: • Inuit communities • Inuit regions American usage: • American Indian • Native American • Eskimo • reservation • tribe Aboriginal people(s)
"Aboriginal people" is a collective name for the original peoples of North America and their descendants.
The Canadian Constitution (the Constitut...
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This document was uploaded on 02/08/2014.
- Fall '14