Unformatted text preview: ing a departmental program that is
for only Status Indian youth, for example, they should avoid using "First Nations youth," which
could cause misunderstanding. First Peoples
"First Peoples" is another collective term used to describe the original peoples of Canada and their
descendants. It is used less frequently than terms like "Aboriginal peoples" and "Native peoples." Indian
The term "Indian" collectively describes all the Indigenous people in Canada who are not Inuit or Métis.
Indian peoples are one of three peoples recognized as Aboriginal in the Constitution Act, 1982. It specifies
that Aboriginal people in Canada consist of the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples.
There are three categories of Indians in Canada: Status Indians, Non-Status Indians and Treaty Indians. • Status Indians
Status Indians are people who are entitled to have their names included on the Indian Register, an
official list maintained by the federal government. Certain criteria determine who can be registered
as a Status Indian. Only Status Indians are recognized as Indians under the Indian Act, which
defines an Indian as "a person who, pursuant to this Act, is registered as an Indian or is entitled to
be registered as an Indian." Status Indians are entitled to certain rights and benefits under the law. • Non-Status Indians
Non-Status Indians are people who consider themselves Indians or members of a First Nation but
whom the Government of Canada does not recognize as Indians under the Indian Act, either
because they are unable to prove their status or have lost their status rights. Many Indian people
in Canada, especially women, lost their Indian status through discriminatory practices in the past.
Non-Status Indians are not entitled to the same rights and benefits available to Status Indians. • Treaty Indian
A Status Indian who belongs to a First Nation that signed a treaty
with the Crown. The term "Indian" is considered outdated by many people, and there is much debate over whether to
continue using this term. The Department, following popular usage, typically uses the term "First Nation"
instead of "Indian," except in the following cases: • in direct quotations • when citing titles of books, works of art, etc. • in discussions of history where necessary for clarity and accuracy • in discussions of some legal/constitutional matters requiring precision in terminology • in discussions of rights and benefits provided on the basis of "Indian" status • in statistical information collected using these categories (e.g., the Census). Suggested usage:
Capitalize. The Department capitalizes "Indian," "Status Indian," "Non-Status Indian," and "Treaty Indian"
as it would other designations like "Francophone," "Arabic" or "Nordic."
Use as a noun and a modifier. The term is acceptable as both. Indian Act
Canadian federal legislation, first passed in 1876...
View Full Document
- Fall '14
- First Nations, Inuit, aboriginal people, Aboriginal Peoples