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Unformatted text preview: ence, living according to nature's schedule.
V Contact between Inuit people and Europeans increased with the arrival of whaling ships in the 19th
U As hunters, Inuit led a seasonal existence, living according to nature's schedule.
U Contact between Inuit and Europeans increased with the arrival of whaling ships in the 19th century.
U With the birth of Nunavut in 1999, Inuit embarked on an exciting new era in their history.
Capitalize. The Department capitalizes "Inuit" as it would other designations like "Francophone," "Arabic"
"Inuk" is the singular form of Inuit. Use "Inuk" when referring to one Inuit person. Inuit communities
Inuit live in communities. They are referred to as communities in the Arctic, and more commonly as Inuit
communities in southern Canada.
Inuit never lived on reserves. Therefore, the terms "on-reserve" and "off-reserve" do not apply to Inuit, only
to First Nations. Wording that is supposed to cover all Aboriginal communities —— for example, a
reference to people "living on a reserve, off a reserve, or in urban areas" —— must add in "Inuit
communities" to be inclusive of Inuit living in the North. Inuit regions
Inuit live in regions. They are referred to as regions in the Arctic, and more commonly in southern Canada as Inuit regions .
There are four Inuit comprehensive land claims regions covering one-third of Canada: they are Inuvialuit
(western Arctic, Northwest Territories), Nunavut, Nunavik (northern Quebec) and Labrador. The Nunavut
territory has three sub-regions —— Kitikmeot, Kivalliq and Qikiqtaaluk —— which are called regions.
Sometimes Inuit regions are called Inuit territories, or Inuit territory, individually or collectively. land claims
In 1973, the federal government recognized two broad classes of claims —— comprehensive and specific.
Comprehensive claims are based on the assessment that there may be continuing Aboriginal rights to
lands and natural resources. These kinds of claims come up in those parts of Canada where Aboriginal
title has not previously been dealt with by treaty and other legal means. The claims are called
"comprehensive" because of their wide scope. They include such things as land title, fishing and trapping
rights and financial compensation. Specific claims deal with specific grievances that First Nations may
have regarding the fulfilment of treaties. Specific claims also cover grievances relating to the
administration of First Nations lands and assets under the Indian Act. Métis
The word "Métis" is French for "mixed blood." The Canadian Constitution recognizes Métis people as one
of the three Aboriginal peoples.
Historically, the term "Métis" applied to the children of French fur traders and Cree women in the Prairies,
and of English and Scottish traders and Dene women in the North. Today, the term is used broadly to
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- Fall '14