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Unformatted text preview: ted these lands for
thousands of years, make up 85 percent of the population of Nunavut. The territory has its own public
A term used to describe people, services or objects that are not part of a reserve, but relate to First
Nations. oral history
Evidence taken from the spoken words of people who have knowledge of past events and traditions. This oral history is often recorded on tape and then put in writing. It is used in history books and to document
land claims. reservation
A reservation is land set apart by the United States government for the use and occupation of a group of
Native Americans. The term does not apply in Canada. reserve
A reserve is tract of land, the legal title to which is held by the Crown, set apart for the use and benefit of
an Indian band. Some bands have more than one reserve.
Many First Nations now prefer the term "First Nation community," and no longer use "reserve."
Capitalize "reserve" when used as part of a name. Unless you are naming a specific reserve, the word
"reserve" can remain lowercase.
These terms are modifiers to qualify people or things that are or are not part of a reserve, e.g., U The government has announced a new approach to on-reserve housing.
U On-reserve businesses are eligible for the new training program.
However, sometimes people move the "on-reserve/off-reserve" modifier after the noun and remove the
hyphen, so sentences read: V The government has announced a new approach to housing on reserve.
V Businesses on reserve are eligible for the new training program.
Readers outside this Department may have trouble interpreting these sentences. They are either (a)
ungrammatical or (b) suggest that we are talking about businesses and housing that have been set apart
for future use (i.e., are in reserve). Please avoid this use and either leave the modifier before the noun or
make the sentences grammatically complete: U The government has announced a new approach to housing on reserves.
U Businesses located on reserves are eligible for the new training program.
Another common usage is "people who live on res...
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- Fall '14