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Unformatted text preview: , and amended several times since. It sets out certain
federal government obligations and regulates the management of Indian reserve lands, Indian moneys
and other resources. Among its many provisions, the Indian Act currently requires the Minister of Indian
Affairs and Northern Development to manage certain moneys belonging to First Nations and Indian lands
and to approve or disallow First Nations by-laws. In 2001, the national initiative Communities First: First
Nations Governance was launched, to consult with First Nations peoples on the issues of governance
under the Indian Act. The process will likely take two to three years before any new law is put in place. Indian status
An individual's legal status as an Indian, as defined by the Indian Act. indigenous/Indigenous
Indigenous means "native to the area." In this sense, Aboriginal people are indeed indigenous to North
America. As a proper name for a people, the term is capitalized to form "Indigenous peoples." Its meaning
is similar to "Aboriginal peoples," "Native peoples" or "First Peoples."
The term is rarely used in the Department, and when it is used, it usually refers to Aboriginal people
internationally. Outside the Department, the term is gaining currency, particularly among some Aboriginal
scholars. The term is also used by the United Nations in its working groups and in its Decade of the
World's Indigenous People (note that, in this instance, no "s" is placed at the end of "people"). Innu
Naskapi and Montagnais First Nations (Indian) peoples who live in Northern Quebec and Labrador. Not to
be confused with Inuit. Inuvialuit
Inuit who live in the western Arctic and who speak Inuvialuktun. Inuit
Inuit are the Aboriginal people of Arctic Canada. Inuit live primarily in Nunavut, the Northwest Territories
and northern parts of Labrador and Quebec. They have traditionally lived above the treeline in the area
bordered by the Mackenzie Delta in the west, the Labrador coast in the east, the southern point of Hudson
Bay in the south, and the High Arctic islands in the north.
Inuit are not covered by the Indian Act. However, in 1939 the Supreme Court interpreted the federal
government's power to make laws affecting "Indians, and Lands reserved for the Indians" as extending to
The word "Inuit" means "the people" in Inuktitut, the Inuit language, and is the term by which Inuit refer to
themselves. Avoid using the term "Inuit people" as the use of "people" is redundant. The term "Eskimo,"
applied to Inuit by European explorers, is no longer used in Canada.
Use as a noun and a modifier. The term is acceptable as both. According to the national organization
Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, the preferred use of "Inuit" as a noun is simply "Inuit," not "the Inuit" nor "Inuit
people." V As hunters, the Inuit led a seasonal exist...
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- Fall '14