Page 1 of 7Geology 111Atlantic Hurricanes, Surface Temperaturesand Carbon Dioxide Levels1. IntroductionHurricanes are storm systems forming over the Atlantic and western Pacific oceans with winds exceeding 64 knots (74 mph). These storms can severely impact the coastline causing major damage as a result of high winds and the associated storm surge. Hurricanes are linked with warming ocean temperatures, but the relationship is not well understood. For this assignment, you will record the frequency and strength of hurricanes from 2001 to 2016 in the Atlantic Ocean, compare this data with average surface and ocean temperatures, and relate these parameters to carbon dioxide concentrations over the same time period. The objective of this assignment is to locate, access, evaluate and synthesize the data in order to reach a conclusion.
Page 2 of 72. Atlantic Hurricane Data (15 pts)Hurricane data is accessible at the National HurricaneCenter. Starting with the year 2001, record the name and wind speed of each hurricane tracked in the Atlantic Ocean(DO NOT INCLUDE TROPICAL STORMS OR DEPRESSIONS). Calculatethe average wind speed of all hurricanes and count the total number of hurricanes tracked during that year. Repeat everyyear until 2016. Hurricane names (H or MH) and maximum wind speeds (knots) are given in the Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Track Maps or in Table 1 of the Atlantic Annual Summary. Information from the year 2001 are given to you in the next table. YearAtlantic Hurricane Name and Maximum WindSpeed of Each Hurricane (Knots)Avg. MaximumWind Speed of AllHurricanes (Knots)Total # of HurricanesTracked2001Erin (105)Karen (70)Allison (50)91.715Felix (100)Michelle (120)Barry (60)Gabrielle (70)Noel (65)Dean (60)Humberto (90)Olga (80)Chantal (60)Iris (125)Jerry (45)Lorenzo (35)2002Arthur (50)Fay (50)Kyle (75)12Bertha (35)Gustav (85)LiLi (125)Cristobal (45)Hanna (50)Dolly (50)Isidore (110)Edouard (55)Josephine (35)2003Ana (50)Grace (35)Mindy (40)16Bill (50)Henri (50)Nicholas (60)Claudette (80)Isabel (145)Odette (55)Danny (65)Juan (90)Peter (60)Erika (65)Kate (110)Fabian (125)Larry (55)2004Alex (105)Frances (125)Karl (125)15Bonnie (55)Gaston (65)Lisa (65)Charley (125)