September 21 - September 21, 2007 Religion in the Ancient...

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September 21, 2007 Religion in the Ancient Greek Household Family rituals o Religion tied to rhythms of life: “rites of passage” defined by cults Birth: Hera, Eileithyia, Artemis Adulthood: Zeus Phratrios and Athena Phratria (“of the clan”) Apatouria festival: transition from family to polis Marriage: Hera, Aphrodite (two side of love/marriage) Gamelia sacrifice at Apatouria: debut as husband and wife Death: Hermes Psychopompos; Hades and Persephone Ancestor cult: continuity of generations through choai Ex: women who die in childbirth “brides of Artemis” The ancient Greek household (oikos) o Oikos: extended household (father, mother, children, elders, slaves, ex-slaves) o Family structure Rigid patriarchy Father has power of life and death over members of oikos Adult males leave house, remain under living father’s power Equal division of father’s possessions on his death o Limited primogeniture (primacy of first born) o Daughters have some inheritance rights in some poleis
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September 21 - September 21, 2007 Religion in the Ancient...

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