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SocialPsych 9.70 - #HumanDevelopment

SocialPsych 9.70 - #HumanDevelopment - MIT OpenCourseWare...

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MIT OpenCourseWare http://ocw.mit.edu 9.70 Social Psychology Spring 2009 For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use, visit: http://ocw.mit.edu/terms .
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M A S S A C H U S E T T S I N S T I T U T E O F T E C H N O L O G Y MODELS OF FAMILY AND GROUP DEVELOPMENT± Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences 9.70 Social Psychology Spring Term 2006± Human Systems:± A Selection of Developmental Schemes± Models of individual, family and group development drawn from various sources and adapted by Professor S. L. Chorover (layout by Jovan Ristic) Note that all stage/age boundaries are approximate. Case-to-case variations are to be expected. MODELS OF INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT SHAKESPEARE As You Like It (II, vii, 139) All the world’s a stage, And all the men and PHYSICAL / BIOLOGICAL FREUD (psychosexual) ERIKSON (psychosocial development – viewing persons- in-contexts) women merely players. They have their exits and their entrances, And one man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages. FAMILY Families are transgenerationally pro- duced and propagated human social systems whose main modes of organi- zation and development might reason- ably be expected to parallel generally those in other human systems at both the individual and the social levels. Let’s agree to take the prototypical "fa- mily life cycle" as a process involving three successive generations, and to identify its beginning with the coming together of two young persons. Having reached, say, the GENITAL STAGE of psy- chosexual development (as depicted in the columns to the left) they meet at a point in their lives at which (neuro-bio- psycho-socio-culturally speaking) both are ready, willing and able to differen- tiate enough from both their families of origin and their current peers in or- der to form a family unit of their own. The point at which „boy meets girl” begins a process of courtship and indi- cates the start of a new family system building process – which may take a variety of trajectories. The following entries trace a typical trajectory from the moment of courtship until the death of both spouses. OTHER GROUPS As this entire document attests, models involving stage or phase theories fig- ure prominently in our efforts to com- prehend the organization and devel- opment of human social systems at all levels of size and complexity. It should by now be clear that the organization and development process has some generic features – to be expected in all human social systems. Let us therefore take 9.70 as a close-to- home test case. Parallels to Freud’s and Erikson’s developmental tasks and cri- ses will be emphasized. Can we identify any of the stages or phases of devel- opment through which our own 9.70 collaborative learning system has been and is in process of passing? Please compare and contrast the following account with your experience as a par- ticipant/observer in/of the organization and development of the 9.70/03 col- laborative learning system. You should also feel free to consider whether this
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