SocialPsych 9.70 - #HumanDevelopment

Human infant exhibits extreme neoteny is born in a

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Unformatted text preview: human infant exhibits extreme neoteny (is born in a relative state of neurobiological, psychological and soci­ ocultural immaturity in comparison to many other mammals); may be early defined by caretakers as "easy" or "difficut"; "fussy" or "calm"; sleeps a lot; its nervous system is anatomically and phys­ iologically "incom­ plete"; it is relatively insensitive and unre­ sponsive to environ­ mental changes (nois­ es, etc.); early reflexes include sucking, tonic neck, grasping, etc.; head needs to be externally supported; gaze alert... M ODELS OF FAMILY AND GROUP DEVELOPMENT FAMILY OTHER GROUPS ORAL PHASE: Context/Focus: feed­ ing; mouth/breast unable to distinguish between self and other, and between internal and external stimuli / sensations; net affirma­ tive maternal responsi­ veness to needs (if con­ sistent and neither ex­ cessively harsh nor un­ duly permissive, encou­ rages infant to assume a "psychological set" of trustful passivity="op­ timism"); net negative maternal responsiveness to needs or net incon­ sistency is liable to be experienced negatively by the child (nonver­ bally) as aversive or painful, thus encour­ aging infant to assume a "psychological set" of mistrustful passivity = "pessimism" duced and propagated human social systems whose main modes of organi­ zation and development might...
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