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August 1 notes - o Key changes o Adds tension and...

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August 1, 2006 Classical Forms Sonata Sonata – work for soloist that has multiple movements (fast, slow, dance, fast) Sonata form – refers to the 1 st movement of a sonata o 1 st theme – 1 st melodic passage in home key, recognizable melody o Bridge – less lyrical, more like a scale o 2 nd theme – after key change o Optional closing theme o Introduction = exposition (themes stated) o Most complicated form of the classical period Sonata principle – any theme not presented in home key must be presented in home key later in piece Development – not as structured, allows for creativity and experimentation
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Unformatted text preview: o Key changes o Adds tension and excitement o Harmonic changes o Melodic ideas developed Improvise Ornamentation Expand – add more notes or make notes longer Condense – opposite of above o Leads to resolution/conclusion • Recapitulation – conclusion, bring it back to the home key • Played Beethoven’s Opus 49 no. 1 and no. 2 Theme and Variations • Variance in tempo, key, texture, dynamics, rhythm, melody (expand and condense) • Example is Haydn’s Surprise Symphony...
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