Lecture 4

Lecture 4 - COGS 101C Meeting 4 Course logistics HW1 due...

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COGS 101C Meeting 4 April 12, 2012
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Course’logistics’ HW1’due’Saturday’before’midnight’ Other?’ Finishing’o±’meaning’ Grammar’
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Action-sentence compatibility nF(1,51)=4.31;’p<0.05 320 330 340 350 360 370 Away Toward Response Direction Sent. Away Sent. Toward Bergen, B. & K. Wheeler. 2010. Grammatical aspect and mental simulation. Brain & Language .
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Organization of the motor strip foot hand mouth (Per Brodal 1998)
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During motor language foot hand mouth (Tettamanti et al. 2005)
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Perceptual representations Winter, B., & Bergen, B. (2012). Language comprehenders represent object distance both visually and auditorily. Language and Cognition. NEAR SENTENCE You are looking at the sheep standing right in front of you. FAR SENTENCE You are looking at the sheep from a distance. LARGE PICTURE SMALL PICTURE match match mismatch
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Perspective and distance 500’ 550’ 600’ 650’ 700’ 750’ 800’ Near’ Far’ Sentence’ Large’Picture’ Small’Picture’ Winter, B., & Bergen, B. (2012). Language comprehenders represent object distance both visually and auditorily. Language & Cognition. Reaction time (msec) *
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Perspective and distance Winter, B., & Bergen, B. (2012). Language comprehenders represent object distance both visually and auditorily. Language & Cognition. NEAR SENTENCE The sheep walks up to you and bleats. FAR SENTENCE The sheep walks to the far side of the hill from you and bleats LOUD SOUND QUIET SOUND match match mismatch
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Perspective and distance Winter, B., & Bergen, B. (2012). Language comprehenders represent object distance both visually and auditorily. Language & Cognition. Reaction time (msec) * 500’ 600’ 700’ 800’ 900’ 1000’ 1100’ 1200’ Near’ Far’ Sentence’ Loud’Sound’ Quiet’Sound’
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What/where is meaning? [p I g] What’s the representational format of this? PIG
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What/where is meaning? [p I g] What does this contribute? - Does it participate in understanding? - Is it epiphenomenal?
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What/where is meaning? [p I g] Where’s “the meaning”?
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The bottom line Meaning’is’hard’ But’it±s’clear’that’ Meaning’is’a’cognitive’phenomenon’that’depends’on’ individual’experience’of’embodied’humans’interacting’in’ real-world’situations’ Meaning’varies’across’individuals’and’across’context’ But’it’can’be’studied’using’the’tools’of’cognitive’science’ And’it±s’important’to’do’so.’Because’meaning’is’a’lot’of’ what’language’is’for.’
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Where we are We've’looked’a’little’at’meaning,’mostly’in’ relation’to’words’ Meaning’is’grounded’in’human’embodiment—it’ depends’on’ the’particularities’of’the’individual±s’interactions’with’ the’world’ in’a’particular’sort’of’body’ with’the’sorts’of’mental’faculties’we’have’ in’the’context’of’other’humans,’with’social’goals,’ interactions,’etc.’
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Where we are Topic’2:’how’we’productively’combine’words’
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Lecture 4 - COGS 101C Meeting 4 Course logistics HW1 due...

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