Lecture 7

Lecture 7

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Unformatted text preview: Each conceptual metaphor systematically and unidirectionally connects (parts of) the source and target domains so you can think about target in terms of the source Where metaphors come from   Conceptual metaphors probably aren’t based on objective similarity   They are unidirectional, and if based on similarity, X should be as similar to Y as Y is to X; thus they should be bidirectional   Many of the source and target domains aren’t objectively very similar (society and a container? economic progress and motion along a path?)   Target domains can be metaphorically described in terms of many, different source domains, which means that they must be similar to lots of very different things (e.g. time as relative motion, a valuable commodity, a region in space) Where metaphors come from   One possibility is that many conceptual metaphors are based on early life ­co ­experiencing of a source and target domain   Some obvious examples:   Purposeful activities and goal ­directed motion   Affection is warmth   More is up   Others might involve joining primary metaphors into compound metaphors (Grady, 1997) Other expressions of metaphor •  Visual representations Other expressions of metaphor •  Visual representations Metaphorical gesture?   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXNGg38UcxU (6:08) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXNGg38UcxU The Conceptual Metaphor view   To summarize, the idea is that   Conceptual, cross ­domain mappings motivate or underlie           metaphorical linguistic expressions These metaphorical expressions are pervasive The mappings underlying them are unidirectional Conceptual metaphors are not based on similarity, but rather on conceptual relations between two domains. They...
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2014 for the course COGS 101c taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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