Lecture 7

Youtubecomwatchvoqg20ggu0wa why does this seem

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Unformatted text preview: ble to make changes like Don’t ­Ask ­Don’t ­Tell. We still have to put more people back to work. We’ve got to bring the deficit down. Internationally, obviously, we still have enormous challenges, especially given what’s happened in the Middle East. I think I’m equipped to help us finish the job.  ­Barack Obama on ABC News, 4/14/2011 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OQG20gGU0wA Why does this seem figurative?   The words are used in something other than their most obviously literal way   But what does literal mean?   Learned earliest?   Most concrete (physical)?   Most frequent?   Historically earliest? Figurative language is important   It’s pervasive in prose, poetry, formal, informal, written, and spoken language   We want to understand language as it’s actually used   We want to understand the full breadth of the human language faculty   It poses important questions about the mind   How do we understand figurative language?   Do we think figuratively? If so, what is figurative thought? Types of figurative language When we look closely at figurative language, we see that it patterns in consistent ways.   Metaphor: Using language that primarily denotes concrete things to describe more abstract things   Yank the economy out of the recession. Bring the deficit down.   Metonymy: Using language that primarily denotes one thing to refer to a related thing   The cowboy hat wants two pretzels. The chief wants three strong backs.   Fictive motion: Using language that primarily denotes motion to describe spatial configurations   The crack runs all the way across the windshield. Types of figurative language When we look closely at figurative language, we see that it patterns in consistent ways.   Metaph...
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