Lecture 6

2009 fast you are slicing the tomato 2nd person slow

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: o you   Observer perspective: envision observing someone else engaging in the event   Does grammatical person (you versus he) affect perspective taken in mental simulation? Person   Most languages have personal pronouns (you, he, etc.), and these often reflect different grammatical persons   Different grammatical persons might lead to different perspectives in mental simulation (MacWhinney 2005)   Participant perspective experience the event as though it were happening to you   Observer perspective envision observing someone else engaging in the event Person and perspective   Participant Sentence ­picture matching (Brunyé et al., 2009) FAST You are slicing the tomato. 2nd person SLOW Observer SLOW 3rd person He is slicing the tomato. FAST Was pictured event mentioned by previous sentence? Person results   Grammatical person affects the perspective understanders adopt in mental simulation   Second person yields participant simulation   Third person yields observer simulation   This is another example of a higher ­order affect of grammar on meaning Constructions and meaning   There are three ways constructions can contribute to the meaning of an utterance   They organize meaning contributions of their parts   They contribute meaning, like words do   They provide higher ­order parameterizations of meaning ▪  What to focus on, or what perspective to adopt, etc. What are utterances made of? Ditransitive You are sliding Progressive Sally the saucer Functions of constructions   Grammatical patterns are distributed differently with respect to meanings people want to convey   People have knowledge (perhaps unconsciously) of these meaning differences   They use them to construct mental representations of the meanings of utterances   They also use them to understand novel language, and perhaps to learn the meanings of new words. Where we are   We’re looking at grammar: how we productively combine words to create more complex structures   We’ve seen the prevalent Chomskyan approach   We’ve seen an alternative, Construction Grammar   Now we’re goi...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/09/2014 for the course COGS 101c taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online