Lecture 6

Lecture 6 - COGS 101C Meeting 6 Course logistics Grammar...

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COGS 101C Meeting 6 April 19, 2012
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Course’logistics’ Grammar’
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Course’logistics’ HW1’grades,’comments’posted’by’Sun’evening’ SRS3’timestamp’problem’fxed,’grades’updated’ Midterm’1’ Review’session’M’5p-6:20p,Center’214’ For’exam’on’Tuesday:’ Bring’#2’pencil,’ID’card.’ To’the’room’±or’the’section’you²re’enrolled’in’(here’or’CSB’003)’ Covers’material’through’today’ Grammar’
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Where we are We’re±looking±at±grammar:±how±we±productively± combine±words±to±create±more±complex±structures± We’ve±seen±the±prevalent± Chomskyan±approach± We’ve±seen±an±alternative,±Construction±Grammar± Now±we’re±going±to±look±in±more±detail±at±how± grammar±contributes±to±meaning± Then±we’ll±step±back±and±talk±about±grammar±and± the±mind±
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Where we are Now±we’re±going±to±look±in±more±detail±at±how± grammar±contributes±to±meaning±
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Constructions and meaning We’ve±seen±two±ways±constructions±can± contribute±to±the±meaning±of±an±utterance± They±organize±meaning±contributions±of±their± parts± John bit the monkey ±vs± The monkey bit John They±contribute±meaning,±like±words±do± E.g.,±that±an±event±is±a±transfer±event,±a±caused-motion± event,±or±an±acting-on±event ±
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Aspect Grammatical’ aspect ’marks’event’structure’ Perfect:’ John has opened the drawer. Progressive:’ John is opening the drawer. Aspect’may’modulate’attention’to’events (Comrie’1976,’Chang’et’al.’1998) Perfect’focuses’simulation’on’the’endstate’ Progressive’focuses’simulation’on’the’nucleus’ What’kind’of’meaning’contribution’would’ this’be?’
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Perfect (Madden & Zwaan 2003) Read’either’perfect’or’progressive’sentences’ He’was’closing’the’door.’ He’closed’the’door.’ Then’see’a’picture’that’depicted’the’event’ a’door’being’closed’[ongoing]’ a’door’completely’closed’[completed]’ Faster’responses’to’completed-state’pictures’ following’perfect’sentences’
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Progressive Ppts’read’sentences’denoting’motion’away’ from’the’body’or’toward’the’body’ (Glenberg’&’ Kaschak’2002) John is closing the drawer. [away] John is opening the drawer. [towards] They’make’sensibility’judgments,’moving’ their’hand’towards’or’away’from’their’body.’ The’motion’described’by’the’sentence’is’ compatible’or’incompatible’with’the’one’they’ perform’
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The Action-Sentence Compatibility Efect
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ACE Quicker’response’movements’when’the’two’ actions’are’in’the’same’direction’ Shows’that’action’execution’and’motor’ language’understanding’share’ neurocognitive’mechanisms’
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Lecture 6 - COGS 101C Meeting 6 Course logistics Grammar...

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