Lecture 13

Lecture 13 - COGS 101C Meeting 13 Course logistics Midterm...

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COGS 101C Meeting 13 May 17, 2012
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Course’logistics’ Midterm’next’Thursday’ Review’session’Weds’5/23’6:30p-7:50p’WLH2001’ Midterm’will’cover’fgurative’language’and’ linguistic’relativism’sections’oF’the’course’only’ Relativism’and’metaphor’
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Relativism and metaphor People’appear’to’think’diferently’about’space’(at’ least’when’tasks’are’ambiguous)’and’perceive’color’ diferently’(at’least’with’their’leFt’hemisphere),’ depending’on’their’language’ But’these’are’cognitive’capacities’least’likely’to’be’ afected’by’language’and’other’aspects’oF’culture’ How’about’the’hard’stuf,’like’time,’morality,’ afection,’etc.?’
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Relativism and metaphor Do’languages’have’diferent’conceptual’ metaphors’For’the’same’target’domains?’ Does’this’efect’diferences’in’the’ways’ people’who’speak’those’languages’think’ about’those’target’domains?’ The’case’oF’time’
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Time across languages The’axis’of’time’ The’direction’of’time’ The’dimensionality’of’time’ Absolute’time’
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Time across languages The’axis’of’time’ The’direction’of’time’ The’dimensionality’of’time’ Absolute’time’
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Dimensions of time Some’conceptual’metaphors’difer’across’languages’and’ cultures’ English:’the’Future’is’ahead’and’the’past’is’behind,’ Mandarin’Chinese:’in’addition,’the’Future’is’down’and’the’ past’is’up.’ Space’ Time’ Does’this’linguistic’diference’make’Mandarin’and’English’ speakers’think’diferently’about’time?’
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Dimensions of time Participants’answered’two’spatial’prime’questions’ ’ horizontal ’’’ vertical’ Then’a’target’question’about’time:’ before/after’statements’ March comes before April earlier/later’statements’ March comes earlier than April Hypothesis:’English’speakers’respond’faster’after’horizontal’ spatial’primes,’but’not’Mandarin’speakers’
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Results Use’of’a’metaphor’can’influence’speakers'’representations’of’abstract’ concepts’like’time.’ * *
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Exp. 2 Question:’ ’ Does’age’of’Frst’exposure’to’ English’a±ect’the’size’of’the’ e±ect’(the’ Mandarin bias )?’ Method:’ ’ basically’the’same.’ Results:’the’younger’subjects’ had’started’to’learn’English,’the’ less’of’a’Mandarin’bias’they’ showed’-’(the’more’English-like’ they’were).’
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Exp. 3 But’Mandarin-English’diferences’could’have’other’cultural’ causes’ So’Boroditsky’replicated’the’experiment’with’native’speakers’
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Lecture 13 - COGS 101C Meeting 13 Course logistics Midterm...

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