Lecture 13

Method basically the same results the younger

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Unformatted text preview: nd faster after horizontal spatial primes, but not Mandarin speakers Results * *   Use of a metaphor can influence speakers' representations of abstract concepts like time. Exp. 2   Question: Does age of first exposure to English affect the size of the effect (the Mandarin bias)?   Method: basically the same.   Results: the younger subjects had started to learn English, the less of a Mandarin bias they showed  ­ (the more English ­like they were). Exp. 3 •  But Mandarin ­English differences could have other cultural causes •  So Boroditsky replicated the experiment with native speakers of English, first trained in “a new way to talk about time”, namely an English version of the Mandarin system •  Prediction: If language and not other cultural differences produce differences in temporal cognition, then these participants should act more like native Mandarin speakers than their untrained, English ­speaking counterparts Results * * Results * * * Conclusions   These studies show:   How your language describes time seems to influence how you think about it.   The earlier you learn a second language, the less conceptual structure you bring to it from your first language   Even native speakers of a language can temporarily think differently, if given the same linguistic expressions of the relevant metaphor The thing is… “we found that Chinese speakers actually use the horizontal spatial metaphors more often than the vertical metaphors” “We were […] unable to replicate her experiments in four different attempts” And then there was this… “six unsuccessful attempts are replicating a key finding in the linguistic relativity literature” “we conclude that Boroditsky (2001) provides no support for the Whorfian hypothesis” A better task   A new version (Boroditsky, Fuhrman, & McCormick, 2010)   Answer if the second picture is earlier or later than the first, by pressing a button Stimuli Stimuli Vertical response condition Vertical response condition Horizontal response condition Horizontal response condition Time again   Predictions   English ▪  Faster for compatible horizontal than incompatible horizont...
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2014 for the course COGS 101c taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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