COMD+Ch+10+student

COMD+Ch+10+student - “He turned down the job.”...

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Unformatted text preview: “He turned down the job.” down=participle  “He turned down the alley.” down=preposition  How can you tell the difference? “Down the alley, he turned.” – grammatical  If it’s a preposition, then it is the beginning of a prepositional phrase and it can be moved along with its object (the following NP) to a different part of the sentence.  So, ‘down’ in “He turned down the alley” is a preposition. S VP NP PP NP pro V Prep Art N He turned down the alley If it’s a participle and you try to move it together with the following NP, you get an ungrammatical structure.  “down the job, he turned” is ungrammatical so ‘down’ in “He turned down the job” is a participle. S NP VP V NP Pro V part Art N He turned down the job Participles can’t move together with the following NP, but they can move by themselves to the other side of the following NP – “he turned the job down.” – participle movement is the transformational rule applied here. Phrase structure rules tell us that a prepositional phrase has a preposition followed by a NP, so a preposition cannot be moved to the other side of the following NP.  *He turned the alley down. S VP NP PP NP pro V Prep Art N * He turned down the alley Derivation of-  “He turned down the job.”  “He turned the job down.”  Both mean the same thing – have the same deep structure....
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course COMD 2050 taught by Professor Collins during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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COMD+Ch+10+student - “He turned down the job.”...

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