Class Notes

Class Notes - First Lecture • • • • • • • •...

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09/06/2007 First Lecture Yellow Emperor Wife of Yellow Emperor brought silk to China Culture hero (almost like Paul Bunyan) Introduced skills to people of China Xia (Hsia) Dynasty 2200—1600 BC Earliest recognized dynasty, somewhat mythical Time when the Chinese learned all of their skills (water irrigation, writing, tools, etc.) Shang (Yin) Dynasty 1600—1050 BC North China plain in Central River Valley, dynasty just ruled that one area Great Bronze age (500 years later than the Bronze age in the west) Bronze weapons, cooking, spears, axes Slave society, practiced human sacrifices 1300 BC beginning of writing Zhou (Chou) “Joe” Dynasty 1050-221 BC Lasted longer than any other dynasty in China Origins of Chinese philosophy, like Confucius and Laozi (Taoism) Yangshao Neolithic culture along the Yellow River; 5000—3000 BC Well known for painted pottery Hongshan Neolithic culture in northeastern China Well known for jade work, like the “jade pig dragon” Oracle Bones First use in the Shang (Yin) Dynasty, around 1300 BC 100,000 shoulder bones of cattle or tortoise shells have been found Farmers took bones to the apothecary to grind as an aphrodisiac Carve a vertical line down the middle of the bone and put possibilities on the line; put over a hot fire and then touch a stick, and a line will form from that point Anyang 1 st royal tomb found intact Fuhao, the favorite concubine of the emperor, had a tomb which was very wealthy with bronze Led 13,000 soldiers into battle Pictograms Evolved into ideograms Started off as a picture on wood, then with a brush on paper it became square and angular Ideograms Evolved from pictograms Modern Chinese characters Romanization Systems 2 different pronunciations, Pinyin used more often Wade Giles : Pinyin : Peking Beijing Hsing Xing Ch’ing Qing Mao Tse-tung Mao Zedong
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Oldest continuous civilization; unified for most of its history Non-phonetic script helped to unify, for people can write to each other (North and South China) Great river systems helped to unify, because in order to build canals and control water systems, unification needs to occur No true epic travels in literature in China, people mostly stayed put Promotes virtues of Confucius rewarded for harmonious relationships with community China’s Neolithic cultures date back to 3000 BC Found pottery and jade around the Yellow River area Beyond The Yellow River Civilization in China began in many different places One of the 4 ancient civilizations, 5000 years ago Jade figures used to communicate with spirits after death Han dynasty resulted in excavation with representations of the dead; in China, death is a continuation of life The prince Lu was found covered in a Jade suit to protect body from outside invasion Xi’an Burial place of the 1
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Class Notes - First Lecture • • • • • • • •...

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