Lecture 6: The French RevolutionOrigins●Financial Crisis: War was really important to monarchs. For much of the 18th century, thecountry was at war and the cost of the war was unsustainable○The King of France was Louis 16th and Marie Antoinette●Resistance and Discontentment○Nobles refused to accept new taxation. Resentment against absolutism○Peasants:■Feudalism and the “Old Regime.” In the 18th century, peasants were taxedmore than the other people of the country. They had to pay taxes to the Church, Nobility, and the Royal State. They were taxed the most. ■A bad crop season led them to be extremely poor●The EnlightenmentThe Revolution of 1789●The Estates-General○Louis called the estates general hoping to be able to get them all to agree to his new taxations○The Estates-General consisted of: ■The Nobility■Clergy■Commoners (The Third Estate)●Rise of the Third Estate: ○Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes wrote about how the Third Estate should have more rights and more of a voice.