Chapter 41

Essen3al fafy acids fa3y acids that animal cells need

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: “complete” * human infants require these 8 plus histidine Animal products: Meats, eggs, and cheeses are “complete”; contain all 8 amino acids 2. Essen3al FaFy Acids: Fa3y acids that animal cells need but can’t synthesize * grains,seeds, vegetables Example: Linoleic Acid – Unsaturated fat that is needed for membrane phospholipids 3. Essen3al Vitamins: 13 vitamins that animal cells need but can’t synthesize  ­ (see Table 41.1) Some vitamins are water soluble: Example, Vitamin B12 Dietary Source Major Func&on in Body Symptom of deficiency or extreme excess Meats, dairy products Produc_on of nucleic acids and red blood cells Deficiency: anemia, numbness, loss of balance Some vitamins are fat soluble: Example, Vitamin D Dietary Source Major Func&on in Body Symptom of deficiency or extreme excess Dairy products, egg yolk, also made in skin in the presence of sunlight Helps body absorb and use calcium and phosphorous Deficiency: rickets in children, bone softening in adults Excess: Brain, cardiovascular, and kidney disease X ­ray of a Two Year Old with Rickets Femur Tibia What is wrong with the shape of the femur? it is bowed, vitamin D deficiency 4. Essen3al Minerals: Minerals that animal cells need in small amounts (Table 41.2) Below are examples of 4 essen_al minerals Mineral Dietary Source Func3on Symptoms Deficiency Calcium (Ca) Dairy products, dark green vegetables, legumes Bone, tooth forma_on, blood cloang, nerve and muscle func_on impaired growth, loss of bone mass Sodium (Na) Ta...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online