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Essen3al fafy acids fa3y acids that animal cells need

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Unformatted text preview: “complete” * human infants require these 8 plus histidine Animal products: Meats, eggs, and cheeses are “complete”; contain all 8 amino acids 2. Essen3al FaFy Acids: Fa3y acids that animal cells need but can’t synthesize * grains,seeds, vegetables Example: Linoleic Acid – Unsaturated fat that is needed for membrane phospholipids 3. Essen3al Vitamins: 13 vitamins that animal cells need but can’t synthesize  ­ (see Table 41.1) Some vitamins are water soluble: Example, Vitamin B12 Dietary Source Major Func&on in Body Symptom of deficiency or extreme excess Meats, dairy products Produc_on of nucleic acids and red blood cells Deficiency: anemia, numbness, loss of balance Some vitamins are fat soluble: Example, Vitamin D Dietary Source Major Func&on in Body Symptom of deficiency or extreme excess Dairy products, egg yolk, also made in skin in the presence of sunlight Helps body absorb and use calcium and phosphorous Deficiency: rickets in children, bone softening in adults Excess: Brain, cardiovascular, and kidney disease X ­ray of a Two Year Old with Rickets Femur Tibia What is wrong with the shape of the femur? it is bowed, vitamin D deficiency 4. Essen3al Minerals: Minerals that animal cells need in small amounts (Table 41.2) Below are examples of 4 essen_al minerals Mineral Dietary Source Func3on Symptoms Deficiency Calcium (Ca) Dairy products, dark green vegetables, legumes Bone, tooth forma_on, blood cloang, nerve and muscle func_on impaired growth, loss of bone mass Sodium (Na) Ta...
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