Evolution of OPM.docx - The Industrial Revolution...

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The Industrial Revolution: Operations Management has its roots in the Industrial Revolution that occurred during the early 19th centuries in England. Before that, skilled artisans used to produce customized goods by using simple tools. The revolution transformed economies based on agriculture and handicrafts into economies based on mechanized manufacturing and large- scale industry . With standard gauging systems and technological inventions, production efficiency drastically improved. The revolution also created mass employment opportunities. However, to achieve higher profits, working conditions of laborers were ignored. Besides, managers had to find innovative ways to motivate their employees to perform. Thus, organizations felt the necessity of management theories which evolved at the culmination of the Industrial Revolution. The Human Relations Movement: T his movement was founded by sociologist Elton Mayo (1930s) following a series of experiments known as the Hawthorne studies, which focused on exploring the link between employee satisfaction and workplace productivity. Abraham Maslow

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