Botany Topic 4 notes

Botany Topic 4 notes - 4-1 Topic 4 History of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 4-1 Topic 4 History of Classification Early History Aristotle Evolution of Organisms Theopharastus `father of botany" 18th and 19th Centuries Carlos Linnaeus and the binomial system of nomenclature Charles Darwin and the theory of evolution The voyage of the HMS Beagle (1831-1836) Two important observations: inheritable variation and struggle for existence Results of the above is differential reproductive success and natural selection The mechanism of evolution is........... The process of evolution is........... 4-2 The 20th and 21st centuries The rise of genetics Jay Gould and others and the changing concepts of evolution DNA mapping and evolutionary relationships Classification Systems 2-3 kingdoms Whittaker's 5 Kingdoms Prokaryotes versus eukaryotes Monera Protista Animalia Fungi Plantae 4-3 Additional Classification Systems Two Kingdoms of Monera Eubacteria Archaebacteria Dividing the Protista into 3 Kingdoms Archaezoa Protista Chromista Eight Kingdoms Three Domains 4-4 The Endosymbiotic Theory Lynn Margulis and the proposal of the endosymbiotic theory.... Evidence supporting the endosymbiotic theory RNA polymerases and differential inhibition Protein synthesis and differential inhibition Ribosome size Mitochondrial rDNA phylogeny Chloroplast rDNA phylogeny Comparisons of organelle genomes between species A living endosymbiotic example 4-5 The Hierarchy of Taxonomic Organization Kingdom Phylum (animals) Division (plants Class Order Family Genus Species Animalia Chordata Plantae Angiospermae Mammalia Carnivora Felidae Panthera pardus Magnoliaphyta Rosales Rosaceae Prunus serrulata The Hierarchy of Biological Organization Atom Molecule C, H, O, N,P,S, Fe, Mg Organic Acids, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids, Carbohydrates Nucleus, Chloroplasts, Mitochondria, ER, Golgi Guard Cells, Tracheids, Sieve Tube Elements Epidermis, Mesophyll, Xylem, Phloem Leaves, Roots, Stems, Flowers Algae, Mosses, Ferns, Pine Trees, Maple Trees, Cannabis sativa Organelle Cell Tissue Organ Organism ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course BIO 29 taught by Professor Mcgowan during the Spring '08 term at CUNY Brooklyn.

Page1 / 5

Botany Topic 4 notes - 4-1 Topic 4 History of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online