Psych full review

Psych full review - Science Subject free universal...

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ü Science:’Subject -free’universal’perspective,’representative’sample,’beyond’space’and’ time’ - Science’is’a’collection’of’systematic’procedures’&’rules,’a’way’of’thinking’ critically’about’information ’ - Science’is’the’study’of’properties’of’nature - Single’most’ effective’way’of’determining’what’is’true o Empirically’based:’OUTER’SENSE ’ o Inferentially’based:’REASON ’ o Cumulative/cultural/historical:’TRADITION/ART ’ o Authority:’INNER’SENSES’&’INFERENCES o Measurement’&’Use’of’SCIENTIFIC’METHOD ü Data’&’Reality’are’OBSERVED ü Hypothesis’is’INFERRED ’ ü Scientific’Approach’is’ ’ 1. OBJECTIVE’ 2. METHOD’BASED ’ 3. TESTABLE/ASSESSABLE’ 4. CUMULATIVE’ ü Ways’of’Knowing ’ o Empiricism:’Experience’&’Knowledge ’ o Rationalism:’Knowledge’is’gained’through’thought,’we’are’born’with’knowledge’ and’uncover’it ’ ü Current’ Ways’of’Knowing ’ 1. Descriptive’Studies ’ a. Qualitative,’describes’variables,’CANNOT’DETERMINE’CAUSATION 2. Correlational’Studies ’ a. Relationship’between’2’varible,’ex:’questionnaire,’CANNOT’DETERMINE’ CAUSATION,’*meaningless’correlation ’ 3. Experimental’Studies ’ a. Manipulate’1 ’ varibale’&’observe’effect’is’has’on’the’other,’CAN’SHOW’ CAUSATION’ b. Population:’group’of’individuals’w/’same’interest c. Sample:’taken’from’population,’smaller’group’for’experiment ü Independent’Variable’ à ’ variable’MANIPULATED’by’researcher ’ o Ex:’memory’improveme nt’program ’ ü
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Psych full review - Science Subject free universal...

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